Saliva pH Test




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"The doctor of the future will give no medicine, but will interest his patients in the care of the human frame, in diet and in the cause and prevention of disease."
- Thomas Edison


"The first thought of any doctor who treats any kind of disease should be, what is the pH of this patient?"
- Dr. Carson E. Pierce


Calcium deficiency is the universal property of all cancer cells. -  The Role of Calcium in Biological Systems, Volume I, CRC Press Inc. 1985.


Test Your Saliva pH
If you have cancer, what is your saliva pH?



Magnesium and Cancer 1, 2, 3, 4.


The use of caustics was proven to have provided a permanent cure (for cancer tumors) in many cases. -  Health and Longevity, Joseph G. Richardson, M.D., 1909, University of Pennsylvania. Caustics are strongly alkaline substances. One such caustic substance is potash (potassium carbonate).


Vitamin D is necessary for calcium absorption.


All men will develop prostate cancer if they live long enough and lack of vitamin D may be the most likely cause. - Cancer Causes & Control 9: 6 (DEC 1998):567-582


Vitamin D deficiency is common in winter. Your best sources of vitamin D are diet and sunlight.


Any amount of vitamin D intake under 800 IU is not enough to prevent vitamin D deficiency. - Eur J Clin Nutr 01;55(12):1091-7


Dr. Jonathan Wright's
recommendations for vitamin D intake: Between 1600 and 2000 IUs
daily, and as much as 4000 IUs for those over 40. Sunlight on the skin can produce 10,000 to 20,000 units of vitamin D daily.


Vitamin D prevents the buildup of calcium deposits in arteries.


A study examining breast cancer rates in 35 countries found that consumption of animal products increases breast cancer risk and sunlight lowers breast cancer risk. Between them, diet and exposure to sunlight explained 80% of national differences in breast cancer rates. 


Lack of vitamin D is associated with 16 different cancers.
- Anticancer Research, 2006; 26:2687-2700.


For information on vitamin D, see the website of the Vitamin D Council.


  "All truth goes through three stages:
First it is ridiculed.
Then it is violently opposed.
Finally it is accepted as self evident." -


Excess salt in your diet causes the body to excrete calcium.


Many "prepared foods" contain too much salt.


Excess salt or too much sugar in your diet causes the body to excrete potassium.


"Thus, chronic acidosis leads to a loss of potassium..." - Guyton & Hall, pages 379-380


Carl J. Reich, M.D. found many diseases that are associated with acidosis and chronic calcium deficiency:
heart disease
some allergies
chronic myositis
heart spasms


 Supplementing the diet with strontium (in addition to calcium and vitamin D) results in a substantial increase in bone mass density over time. 


There is new research showing that a sugar called xylitol (pronounced zy-li-tol) can significantly improve oral health, improve calcium absorption, increase bone density and remineralize tooth enamel.


The toothpaste we use is called Tooth Builder and contains xylitol which is found to reduce tooth decay. Tooth Builder toothpaste is fluoride-free.


Fructose can impair the body's ability to absorb calcium.


The herb stevia is the best no-calorie sweetener. Available in health food stores.


Sugar feeds cancer.


The incidence of osteoporosis increased 7 fold over the last decade. - Archives of Internal Medicine, July 2004.


The primary cause of osteoporosis is the high protein diet most Americans consume today.
- Dr. John McDougall
(In other words, eat more fruits, vegetables and berries.
- editor, Alkalize For Health)


Help increase your bone density every day:
- avoid most salt
- eat some KHCO3
- more exercise
- vitamin C
- vitamin D (4000 to 6000 IU)
- sunshine
- calcium
- magnesium
- manganese
- strontium (680 mg)
- boron (3 mg)
- organic silica
- zinc
- folic acid (400 mcg)
- vitamin B6 (3.5 mg)
- sublingual vitamin B12 (1000 mg)
- coconut oil
- omega 3 fatty acid
- cod liver oil
- olive oil
- monosodium phosphate
 - vitamin K2
- digestive enzymes
- betaine hydrochloride
- green tea (2 cups)
- cold-processed whey powder
- raw bean sprouts
- prunes
- substitute xylitol for sugar in your diet
- gluten free diet
- ensure your blood has a high zeta potential
- stop eating the strongly acid foods.


Clinical evaluation of an all-natural product called Osteophase found a 27% increase in bone density.


Vitamin K has two natural forms:
- K1 found in plants
- K2 produced by friendly dairy bacteria in your intestines

Both K1 and K2 are needed for good health.


Vitamin K deficiency is associated with osteoporosis, calcification of the arteries, Alzheimer's, and certain cancers (liver, prostate).


Fluoride in drinking water and toothpaste contributes to bone destruction. - J Orthop Res. 1992 Jul;10(4):581-7
- Bone. 1995 Jan;16(1):163-9


Chronic inflammation in the body contributes to bone loss.


The nutritional supplement MSM helps reduce inflammation.


Monitor your bone mass with a Body Composition Monitor. 1, 2


Nutrition is not enough. Bones grow and strengthen in response to stresses placed upon them. Weight bearing exercise is essential.


Sodium Bicarbonate (Baking Soda) - For mouth, stomach, intestinal, rectal, oral cancers (if not infiltrated), take 1 TEAspoon with glass of water in the morning and 1 in the evening every day for one month. Cancer should be cleared.


Dr. Tullio Simoncini 1, 2, 3.


Sodium bicarbonate warnings and contraindications.


$2 million grant from NIH to study baking soda and breast cancer


"It is time for allopathic medicine to understand that viruses, bacteria and fungi all thrive in acid conditions." - Mark Sircus Ac., OMD


Aluminum free baking soda
- Arm & Hammer
- Bob's Red Mill


Here is a recipe to make your own magnesium bicarbonate water.


Magnesium Bicarbonate - The Ultimate Mitochondrial Cocktail


Every cancer can be cured in weeks. - Dr. Leonard Coldwell


Bicarbonate Increases Tumor pH and Inhibits Spontaneous Metastases 1, 2


If you want to consume soda pop, why not drink club soda? Ingredients are carbonated water, potassium bicarbonate and potassium citrate. (Check the ingredients before buying.) Add a few drops of lemon or lime for taste.




Question: "Can immunization against contagious diseases be set up in any other manner than by inoculations?"

Answer: "If an alkalinity is maintained in the system - especially with the lettuce, carrots and celery, these in the blood supply will maintain such a condition as to immunize a person. In an alkaline system there is less effect of cold and congestion." - Edgar Cayce July 12, 1935.


Viral infections are pH sensitive


"If our internal environment was changed from an acidic oxygen deprived environment to an alkaline environment full of oxygen, viruses, bacteria and fungus cannot live." - Dr. Otto Warburg


"There is no known disease causing organism or degenerative disease that can continue to reproduce or create degeneration in an alkaline, oxygenized environment." - Dr. Otto Warburg


"The microbe is nothing. The terrain is everything." - Claude Bernard (1813-1878)


According to Claude Bernard, healthy terrain involves four factors:
1. alkalinity
2. negative electrical charge
3. nutrition
4. toxins 


"Disease begins when our alkaline tissues turn acidic and when our negative energy charge turns positive." - Dr. Robert Young


The lost history of medicine.


Mucusless diet - acid foods increase mucus, alkaline foods do not increase mucus 1, 2, 3, 4


"Acidosis and congestion (toxicity and mucus) is the root cause of 99.9% of all disease." - Dr. Robert Morse


Yin is acid, yang is alkaline. Yin (+) and yang (-) must be in proper balance. Yin / acid is catabolic - tears down. Yang / alkaline is anabolic - builds up.


Secret to Healing Virtually All Diseases
- 4 hour movie


Watch this documentary Cancer: The Forbidden Cures free online.






Gallstone Remedy Report

A simple test you can do to measure your susceptibility to cancer, heart disease, osteoporosis, arthritis, and many other degenerative diseases.


How to Do the Saliva pH Test


Wait at least 2 hours after eating. Fill your mouth with saliva and then swallow it. Do this again to help ensure that the saliva is clean. Then the third time, put some saliva onto pH paper. Wait a few seconds until the pH paper stops changing color.


The pH paper should turn blue. This indicates that your saliva is slightly alkaline at a healthy pH of 7.4. If it is not blue, compare the color with the chart that comes with the pH paper. If your saliva is acid (below pH of 7.0) wait two hours and repeat the test.


Where to Get pH Paper


It would be good if health food stores and pharmacies would stock pH paper. Why not go to your local health food store or pharmacy and suggest this to them? There are many suppliers of pH paper. You want narrow range pH paper measuring pH 4.5 to 7.5 or pH 4.5 to 8.5. Amazon offers several pH test strips for you to choose from 1, 2, 3, 4. These pH test strips to measure acid/alkaline balance belong in every family medicine kit, right beside the thermometer to measure body temperature and the oximeter to measure blood oxygen level.


Saliva pH and Cancer


"When healthy, the pH of blood is 7.4, the pH of spinal fluid is 7.4, and the pH of saliva is 7.4. Thus the pH of saliva parallels the extra cellular fluid...pH test of saliva represents the most consistent and most definitive physical sign of the ionic calcium deficiency syndrome...The pH of the non-deficient and healthy person is in the 7.5 (dark blue) to 7.1 (blue) slightly alkaline range. The range from 6.5 (blue-green) which is weakly acidic to 4.5 (light yellow) which is strongly acidic represents states from mildly deficient to strongly deficient, respectively. Most children are dark blue, a pH of 7.5. Over half of adults are green-yellow, a pH of 6.5 or lower, reflecting the calcium deficiency of aging and lifestyle defects. Cancer patients are usually a bright yellow, a pH of 4.5, especially when terminal." The Calcium Factor: The Scientific Secret of Health and Youth, by Robert R. Barefoot and Carl J. Reich, M.D., Gilliland Printing Inc., Arkansas City, Kansas, 1996.


Stomach acid has a pH of 1.5 to 3.5, which is why we do not bother measuring saliva pH below 4.5. As pH falls below 4.5 the situation becomes more than unhealthy - your body may begin to digest itself. Indeed, cancer tumors can become so acidic as to do just that. It is called "acid-induced apoptosis." Cancers ferment glucose to lactic acid, which tends to build up in the tumor's extracellular fluid. Concentrated lactic acid has a pH of 2.4.



Test Your Saliva pH
If you have cancer, what is your saliva pH? [1718 votes total]
4.5 (815) 47%
5.0 (133) 8%
5.5 (155) 9%
6.0 (171) 10%
6.5 (182) 11%
7.0 (115) 7%
7.5 (147) 9%
Add your saliva pH result to the poll. See left hand column of this page.


The Importance of Acid and Alkaline Balance for Health


Virtually all degenerative diseases including cancer, heart disease, arthritis, osteoporosis, kidney and gall stones, and tooth decay are associated with excess acidity in the body. While the body has a homeostatic mechanism that maintains a constant pH 7.4 in the blood, this mechanism works by depositing and withdrawing acid and alkaline minerals from other locations including the bones, soft tissues, body fluids and saliva. Therefore, the pH of these other tissues can fluctuate greatly. The pH of saliva offers a window through which you can see the overall pH balance in your body.


Cancer cannot exist in an alkaline environment. All forms of arthritis are associated with excess acidity. Acid in the body dissolves both teeth and bones. Whatever health situation you are faced with, you can monitor your progress toward a proper acid/alkaline balance by testing your saliva pH.


What are Acid and Alkaline?


Water (H2O) ionizes into hydrogen (H+) and hydroxide (OH-) ions. When these ions are in equal proportions, the pH is a neutral 7. When there are more H+ ions than OH- ions then the water is said to be acid. If OH- ions outnumber the H+ ions then the water is alkaline. The pH scale goes from 0 to 14 and is logarithmic, which means that each step is ten times the previous. In other words, a pH of 4.5 is 10 times more acid than 5.5, 100 times more acid than 6.5 and 1,000 times more acid than 7.5.


Due to the positive electrical charge of acid (H+) and the negative charge of alkali (OH-), pH can also be thought of in terms of electrical charge, indeed this is how a pH meter works. A pH of zero is the extreme acid end and has an electrical charge of +420 millivolts. A pH of 7 is neutral between acid and alkaline, and has an electrical charge of zero millivolts. A pH of 14 is the extreme alkaline end of the scale and has an electrical charge of -420 millivolts. Each step in the pH scale is plus or minus 60 millivolts.


From this we can calculate that a pH of 7.35 has an electrical charge of -21 millivolts. A pH of 7.45 has an electrical charge of -27 millivolts. Children are reported to have an electrical charge of -35 millivolts which equates to a pH of 7.58.


Dr. Jerry Tennant has extensively studied the subject of electrical charge/pH and health 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.


Injured tissue heals at -50 to -70 millivolts, and if this charge cannot be attained by the body then healing does not take place. Minus 50 to -70 millivolts equates to a pH between 7.83 and 8.17. All these healthy pH values have a negative electrical charge. Cancer begins at an electrical charge of +30 millivolts (pH 6.5). This reversal of polarity from negative to positive electrical charge damages tissues, prevents healing, deprives tissues of oxygen, and interferes with the transfer of nutrients into cells and wastes out. (scalar waves)


Acid and Alkaline Minerals in Food


Minerals with a negative electrical charge are attracted to the H+ ion. These are called acid minerals. Acid minerals include: chlorine (Cl-), sulfur (S-2), phosphorus (P-3), and they form hydrochloric acid (HCl), sulfuric acid (H2SO4), and phosphoric acid (H3PO4). Minerals with a positive electrical charge are attracted to the negatively charged OH- ion. These are called alkaline minerals. Nutritionally important alkaline minerals include calcium (Ca+2), potassium (K+), magnesium (Mg+2), and sodium (Na+). Also important for cancer treatment and prevention are the alkaline trace minerals rubidium and cesium.


To determine if a food is acid or alkaline, it is burned and the ash is mixed with water. If the solution is acid or alkaline then the food is called acid or alkaline. Ash is the mineral content of the food. This method removes (volatile) organic acids that will be metabolized to carbon dioxide and water. It seems surprising that a lemon or grapefruit would be considered alkaline, but it is the effect of the food on the physiology AFTER it has been digested and metabolized that we are interested in. The (non-volatile) residual effect of food on the acid/alkaline balance in the body is determined by the mineral content of the food.


Twelve Ways to Restore Acid/Alkaline Balance in Your Body


If your saliva is too acid you may wish to increase the alkalinity of your body. Ways to do this include:


1. Eat mostly alkaline foods. The general "rule of thumb" is to eat 20% acid foods and 80% alkaline foods. Minimize the "strongly acid" foods. So about three quarters of your plate should be covered with alkaline foods.


Strongly Acid

Mild Acid

Mild Alkaline

Strongly Alkaline










nuts, seeds



hard cheese

milk, yoghurt, kefir, soft curds




It is the chlorine in municipal drinking water, sulphur in the concentrated protein of meat, fish, eggs and hard cheese, and phosphorous in meat and soft drinks that makes these foods so acidic. In general, a more vegetarian diet is more alkaline. It is a question of balance, and at present the balance is tilted too heavily in the direction of acid foods.


Fats and oils have a neutral pH, neither acid nor alkaline. Plant-based beverages (tea, coffee, cocoa, herbal teas, beer, wine, juices of fruits and vegetables) are generally mildly alkaline. The above summary is based on a detailed Acid Base Food Table (your computer should be able to translate this for you. Try right click). If you want more information, here are some articles you can read 1, 2.


The healthiest dairy products to consume have never been pasteurized or homogenized. Look for "raw" milk, and cheese made from raw milk. Kefir is better for your gut than yoghurt. The healthiest way to consume grains and legumes is in the form of sprouts. In a sense, by sprouting grains or legumes you are turning them into vegetables. Plus, the sprouting process deactivates enzyme inhibitors and other chemicals in the seeds so that in some cases cooking is no longer necessary. There are many advantages to eating foods raw when possible, as we discuss on our raw foods page.


Alkalize For Health endorses the "nutritarian" diet advocated by Dr. Joel Fuhrman 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.



2. Supplement your diet with alkaline minerals. The main alkaline minerals in the body are calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium. These minerals complement each other. For example, calcium is needed to contract a muscle and magnesium is needed to relax it. At a cellular level, your cells maintain a balance of potassium inside and sodium outside, but this pumping of potassium and sodium requires magnesium. The calcium concentration in cells is controlled by sodium. All four of these minerals work together in the body. Problems arise in the body when one or more of the minerals are deficient or when the minerals are out of balance with each other. For example, here is a look at potassium vs. sodium.


When potassium is insufficient, and sodium is excessive, the potassium/sodium pump is not able to keep sodium out of the cells. As sodium enters the cells they swell with water (cellular edema), energy production is reduced, and the cellular metabolism of proteins and fats is inhibited.


People in North America tend to consume too much calcium and sodium and insufficient potassium and magnesium. This is often reflected in urine tests which show calcium and sodium being excreted while potassium and magnesium are being retained. This is why we are not much interested in urine pH, which simply reflects waste being discarded by the body. Of much greater interest is the pH of saliva, which reflects your success in maintaining an alkaline condition within your body. (Beyond this, we do suggest checking your blood oxygen level using a finger pulse oximeter. See our oxygen page for more information.) If you are having difficulty in becoming alkaline, checking the pH of your urine and finding that it is alkaline will show that the alkalinity is being absorbed into the blood. Some of it will then be excreted by the kidneys as alkaline urine. You can take three pH strips and line them up on the edge of the bathroom sink. Dip the first into water containing potassium bicarbonate, dip the second into the urine stream and dip the third into saliva. Ideally they will look quite similar.  


Eating too much calcium inhibits the absorption of magnesium, and eating too much magnesium inhibits the absorption of calcium (Hoffer & Saul, pages 156-159). These two minerals need to be consumed in an appropriate balance. A problem arises because dairy products contain calcium but little magnesium. There is no relationship between the consumption of calcium and the incidence of osteoporosis. However, magnesium does increase bone density.


In the North American diet, excess calcium is coming primarily from dairy products and supplements, and excess sodium is coming from "prepared foods" that are loaded with salt. Largely missing from the diet are potassium and magnesium that would come from eating fruits and vegetables. A diet based on fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, with a small amount of dairy, would give the body all four of the alkaline minerals in better balance. This is the diet we recommend in point number 1 above. Given that the kidneys will excrete excess minerals and retain what the body needs, it is not necessary to be overly concerned about consuming "right" amounts of calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium. Just make sure that your diet contains all four of the alkaline minerals in reasonable balance.



Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for Adults


  Male Female
Sodium 1,500 mg 1,300 mg
Potassium 4,700 mg 4,700 mg
Calcium 1,000 mg 1,000 mg
Magnesium 420 mg 320 mg


Note that the Recommended Dietary Allowance (from the National Institutes of Health) is very different from the "% Daily Value" (from the Food and Drug Administration) shown on food labels. For example, the food label "Daily Value" for sodium is 2,400 mg. This is MUCH higher than the RDA for sodium and is extremely misleading in favor of food manufacturers who add salt to "enhance" the flavor of their flavorless foods. The "Daily Value" for potassium is just the opposite. At 3,500 mg it is is far below the RDA. This discriminates against foods that offer healthy amounts of potassium and sodium, and completely distorts the potassium/sodium ratio in favor of disease. The proposed changes to the food label omit magnesium entirely. It is completely ignored (which is a clue that magnesium is genuinely important to your health. Also, this hides the lack of magnesium in dairy products which is an embarrassment to the dairy industry). Plus, if you look closely at the Proposed Nutrition Facts label you will see that 260 mg of Calcium is 20% of the Daily Value, implying that the new Daily Value is going to be 1,300 mg. The dairy industry will love this.


Calcium supplements are generally 500 mg to 1,000 mg, which is probably too much. The World Health Organization recommends only 500 mg/day for children and 800 mg of calcium daily for adults. This lower amount of calcium is easily obtainable from food. Too much calcium, particularly if not accompanied by sufficient magnesium, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin K, and trace minerals can CAUSE many health problems (1, 2). People in third world countries generally have strong bones yet consume much less calcium than in wealthier countries. The secret is they get plenty of vitamin D from sunshine and lots of potassium and magnesium from fruits and vegetables.


From the above table it is clear that potassium is the main alkalizing mineral in the body. Therefore, it is interesting that potassium supplements are generally 99 mg which is virtually useless (thank the FDA for this). This is why we suggest 1 teaspoon of potassium bicarbonate (KHCO3) in a glass of water daily (or 1/2 teaspoon in water once or twice daily). There are about 5 grams in a teaspoon of baking soda, and of this about 2 grams are potassium and 3 grams are bicarbonate. Watch this 10 minute video. Here is a link to the paper discussed in the video. Potassium bicarbonate is available as an alternative to the sodium bicarbonate ordinarily used as baking soda. In our experience, potassium bicarbonate in water has a pleasant slightly salty taste.


Potassium bicarbonate supplementation reduces calcium loss from the body. This is evidence of chronic acidosis, because calcium from bone is used by the body as a last resort buffer in response to prolonged metabolic acidosis.


Potassium and bicarbonate are the main alkalizing ions in saliva. "The net result of these transport processes is that under resting conditions, the concentrations of sodium and chloride ions in the saliva are only about 15 mEq/liter each, about one seventh to one tenth their concentrations in plasma. On the other hand, the concentration of potassium ions is about 30 mEq/liter, seven times as great as its concentration in plasma, and the concentration of bicarbonate ions is 50 to 70 mEq/liter, about two to three times that of plasma." - Guyton & Hall, page 818. As a side note, the salivary glands also have pumps (known as "sodium-iodide symporter") to concentrate iodide into the saliva. If you have ever wondered why human saliva is not antiseptic, one reason might be that most modern humans do not eat enough iodine/iodide. The iodide concentration in saliva can reach 100 times that seen in plasma. Iodide accumulation in both the salivary glands and thyroid gland is inhibited by perchlorate and nitrate which are commonly found in drinking water. Thiocyanate found in cigarette smoke also inhibits iodide accumulation in the salivary glands and thyroid. (mEq or meq means "milliequivalents" and is a term used in chemistry to indicate that the number has been multiplied by 1,000. This gives a convenient way to talk about very small numbers, such as the measurement of substances in biological fluids.)


If you are just beginning to alkalize your body, you might want to take a little more potassium bicarbonate for your initial "loading". In 1926, Arm & Hammer offered these instructions "During the first day take six doses of half teaspoonful of Arm & Hammer Bicarbonate of Soda in glass of cool water, at about two hour intervals. During the second day take four doses of half teaspoonful of Arm & Hammer Bicarbonate of Soda in glass of cool water, at the same intervals. During the third day take two doses of half teaspoonful of Arm & Hammer Bicarbonate of Soda in glass of cool water morning and evening, and thereafter half teaspoonful in glass of cool water each morning until cold is cured." Since most people eat too much sodium and not enough potassium, we suggest substituting potassium bicarbonate for some of the sodium bicarbonate.


As a general rule, when supplementing with potassium bicarbonate start with half a teaspoon taken with water once or twice a day. Slowly increase the number of doses and the size of each dose at a rate your body finds comfortable. Level off when your saliva pH is between 7 and 7.5. Maintain this pH for the rest of your life, letting the pH test tell you what is a sufficient daily dose of potassium bicarbonate. Don't be impatient and do not get discouraged. It may take some time for the accumulation of acid in your body to be neutralized.


If you start showing signs such as muscle cramps or low blood pressure (90/60 or lower) that can result from too little sodium relative to potassium, then you might substitute some sodium bicarbonate for potassium bicarbonate or eat more salt. You can also put half a teaspoon of sodium bicarbonate and half a teaspoon of potassium bicarbonate into your cup of water.   


Here is a secret known to chefs. The salty taste can be masked by sweetness, acidity or fat. So you might add a little sweetener (xylitol or stevia) plus ascorbic acid powder (vitamin C) to your daily bicarbonate drinks. The result is a fizzy effervescent drink. Here is our formula. Put in a glass one teaspoon of potassium bicarbonate + 1 tsp of sodium bicarbonate + 1 tsp of ascorbic acid powder + sweetener and then add water. You now have a glass of wonderful tasty beverage much like soda pop except that it is alkaline instead of acid. The whole family will enjoy this. Give it a good stir and drink with a straw. If you save some undissolved xylitol crystals for the end, then they leave a sweet aftertaste in the mouth. 


Calcium supplements generally contain some magnesium. However, magnesium is difficult to absorb and there are indications (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) that you should get as much magnesium as calcium, which is why we suggest taking supplemental magnesium daily. Do an Internet search for "rda magnesium too low" for more information. After nine months, women on magnesium supplements increased bone density by about 11%. - Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine, 1991; 2:165-178. "Multiple studies have shown that higher magnesium intake is associated with a higher bone mineral density in both men and women." - Dr. Mercola. Magnesium deficiency is a primary cause of Alzheimer's disease, and plays a role in type 2 diabetes. The magnesium supplement we recommend is called "Enzymatic Therapy - Krebs Magnesium-Potassium Chelates". Each of these tablets give you 250 mg of magnesium, 100 mg of potassium plus these two alkaline minerals are chelated with five organic acids that are used in the Krebs cycle. The Krebs cycle, also known as the citric acid cycle, is the process in cells that creates cellular energy and is known as cellular respiration. We discuss this in greater detail on our oxygen page. Alternatively, tablets of potassium magnesium citrate can provide magnesium plus some more potassium. Potassium citrate is helpful to increase the zeta potential of bodily fluids, as is discussed in point number 7 below. Magnesium oxide and citric acid in water will produce magnesium citrate.


If you want to eat salt, use unrefined salt which contains about 60 trace minerals in addition to sodium chloride. It is generally colored (grey, pink) and comes in large crystals. Put it in a grinder and keep it on the dining table beside the pepper grinder. There is evidence that "high sodium intake induces a low grade metabolic acidosis and thereby causes bone resorption." Some people, particularly older adults, have low blood sodium generally as a side effect of something else.


Dr. Robert Young has created an alkalizing nutritional supplement called pHour Salts that contains sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, magnesium chloride and calcium chloride.





Scientists refer to two kinds of acidosis and alkalosis: respiratory and metabolic. Respiratory acidosis and alkalosis are basically caused by too little or too much breathing. Too little breathing allows carbonic acid to build up in the blood, causing the blood to become acidic. Too much breathing (hyperventilation) causes carbonic acid in the blood to fall to abnormally low levels making the blood more alkaline. Carbonic acid is created by combining carbon dioxide with water.


Metabolic acidosis and alkalosis are caused by diet and metabolism. All metabolic wastes are acids: carbonic acid results from oxygen metabolism and lactic acid results from anaerobic metabolism, phosphoric and sulfuric acids come from protein metabolism, and so on. Uric acid (C5H4N4O3) results from the metabolism of purines which are a substance found in dying cells and certain foods. For example, consumption of animal protein leads to increased uric acid.


"Lungs eliminate about 13000 mEq of hydrogen ions (H+) daily, as opposed to only 40 to 80 mEq excreted daily by the kidneys." - Sources 1, 2 The hydrogen ions (and carbon dioxide) eliminated by the lungs are coming from carbonic acid (H2CO3).


(Editor's note: The excretion of acid by the kidneys (40 to 80 mEq of hydrogen ions) mostly in the form of uric acid, phosphates and ammonia assumes the kidneys are healthy and functioning at full capacity. Chronic dehydration significantly reduces how much waste the kidneys can excrete. Consumption of unhealthy fats, too much sugar and salt, heavy metals (mercury, lead, cadmium), drugs, toxins, infections, atherosclerosis, amyloidosis, and other factors damage the kidneys. Kidney function declines with age, falling about 1% per year after age 40. Kidney disease in children is also increasing. In reality, very few people have fully functioning kidneys. Kidney cleanse)


The kidneys are a vast network of filters. Each individual filter is called a "nephron", and each of your two kidneys has about one million nephrons. However, as the kidneys are damaged due to trauma, diet and lifestyle defects, infections, drugs, etc. the number of functioning nephrons declines. When the number of functioning nephrons has declined by 70% to 80% obvious health problems begin to appear due to inadequate filtration of body fluids. When functioning nephrons have declined 90% you either die or go on dialysis. "Kidney disease is often called a 'silent' disease, because most people have no symptoms before they are diagnosed. In fact, you might feel just fine until your kidneys have almost stopped working." Guyton & Hall (pages 417-418) list the consequences of declining kidney function: edema from water and salt retention, acidosis, retention of waste products such as urea and uric acid, retention of other substances normally excreted including sulfates and phosphates, anemia, osteomalacia (demineralization of the bones), and hypertension. Vitamin D is converted by the kidneys to "active vitamin D" and as kidney function declines so does active vitamin D.


The Textbook of Medical Physiology by Guyton & Hall (page 400) lists 6 possible causes of metabolic acidosis:

1. kidney failure - nearly everyone probably has this to some degree

2. consumption of acids - nearly everyone is consuming an acid diet

3. diabetes - faulty sugar metabolism results in acid formation

4. & 5. vomiting and diarrhea can cause loss of bicarbonate from the intestines

6. kidney defect.


To diagnose acidosis, Guyton and Hall (page 401) state, "Therefore, in metabolic acidosis, one would expect a low pH, a low plasma bicarbonate concentration, and a reduction in Pco2 after partial respiratory compensation."


To treat acidosis, Guyton and Hall (page 401) recommend attempting to correct the underlying problem, plus supplemental sodium bicarbonate or other substances that will produce bicarbonate in the body.


The greatest volume of acid is removed by the lungs, followed by a very limited ability of the kidneys to remove acid, and sweating. Beyond this, the body depends on buffers to neutralize acids. We maintain that declining kidney function combined with the highly acid modern diet eventually overwhelms the kidneys and buffers, resulting in chronic metabolic acidosis. To some degree, respiratory alkalosis can balance metabolic acidosis. Beyond this, the result is osteoporosis, gout, kidney stones, gall stones and other problems from accumulating acid in the system.


When we read about acidosis and alkalosis on the Internet, the medical profession always seems focused on the blood. The pH of blood is kept within a narrow range. Our focus is what happens to the rest of the body.






What happens when you consume potassium bicarbonate (KHCO3)? Potassium bicarbonate dissolves in water, becoming potassium (K+) and bicarbonate (HCO3-). The potassium is used by the body, and surplus potassium will be removed by the kidneys.


The bicarbonate removes acid (H+) from the body:


HCO3- + H+ -- H2CObicarbonate plus acid becomes carbonic acid that is transported by the blood to the lungs

H2CO3 -- H2O + CO2 the lungs breathe out carbon dioxide, leaving only water

H2O + O2 the lungs breathe in oxygen. The red blood cells pick up oxygen from the plasma.


Note that bicarbonate is used up by this process. As you can see, bicarbonate HCO3- unites with an H+ ion to produce carbonic acid, and in the lungs carbon dioxide is expelled leaving only water. Bicarbonate is the main buffer in the body. Bicarbonate and bicarbonate precursors occur naturally in fruits and vegetables, and the ancient hunter gatherer diet contained far more bicarbonate than the modern meat and grain diet. Instead, the meat and grain diet depletes the body's store of bicarbonate.




Conservation of Protein


Starting about age 30, the average person loses about 1% of lean muscle mass per year, year after year. This protein is replaced by fat. By old age the accumulated loss of muscle mass causes frailty that leads to falls, lack of mobility and eventual loss of independence. 


The main reason for loss of muscle mass is said to be lack of exercise. Loss of muscle mass brings reduced physical activity that further reduces muscle mass. Other causes of muscle atrophy include medications (corticosteroids) and diseases (polio, Lou Gehrig's, Guillain-Barre, muscular dystrophy). Cachexia is associated with cancer. As cancer consumes the body's resources, the body wastes away. This wasting away is called cachexia.


All protein contains carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen. Fat and sugar are made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. The uniqueness of protein is nitrogen. When protein is broken down, the nitrogen is released as (NH2-). In an acid environment, the (NH2-) will combine with H+ to form ammonia (NH3) which is then discarded by the kidneys into the urine. So we can see here is another mechanism to remove H+ ions from the body. The H+ ion can combine with bicarbonate and be removed via the lungs, or the H+ ion can combine with (NH2-) to form ammonia and be removed via the kidneys. 


In the article Diet, evolution and aging on page 207 we read, "In disorders that cause chronic metabolic acidosis, protein degradation in skeletal muscle is accelerated [75-77], which increases the production of nitrogen end-products that are eliminated in the urine, thereby inducing negative nitrogen balance [77]." Our conclusion is that in addition to exercise, one must maintain an alkaline condition in the body for muscle mass to be maintained. 


The article goes on to say, "And by correcting the pre-existing low-grade metabolic acidosis, KHCO3 decreased the pre-treatment rate of muscle proteolysis, further contributing to the improvement in nitrogen balance. The magnitude of the KHCO3-induced nitrogen sparing effect was potentially sufficient to both prevent continuing loss of muscle mass and to restore previously accrued deficits." - page 209


The Textbook of Medical Physiology by Guyton & Hall (pages 397-398) takes the analysis further, stating that in the tubular lumen of the kidney ammonia NH3 will pick up an additional hydrogen ion H+ to become ammonium NH4+. Furthermore, chronic acidosis can increase NH4+ excretion as much as ten fold, to 500 mEQ/day, whereas in a state of alkalosis no ammonia-ammonium is excreted because there are no excess hydrogen ions available.


The kidneys can produce bicarbonate from carbonic acid, but they do this by transferring a hydrogen ion H+ to ammonia. In other words, the kidneys create bicarbonate at the expense of protein. The kidneys create bicarbonate only in the presence of acidosis. When the body is alkaline, the blood does not need more bicarbonate.






Acidosis (in general) - Consequences


Page 4 of 4


Possible Consequences of Non-Compensated Latent Acidosis

In the case of experimental acidosis induced orally, the result is a general reduction of buffer capacity - firstly to that of the blood and, with further acidic stress, to that of the intra-cellular spaces and the bone surface. If acid is supplied over a longer period, buffering is performed by releasing minerals from bone (Lemann et al., 1966). This observation has led to the hypothesis that a significant cause of osteoporosis (weakening of the bones) is a high acid strain associated with diet (Wachman und Bernstein, 1968).

In the case of latent acidosis, the connective tissue also suffers. When the buffer capacity is falling, the acid formed in the cells is stored in the musculature and in the connective tissue.

The collagen tissue consists of proteoglycan, whose portion of glucosaminoglycan is, for example, strongly charged with many sulphur residues. If these charges are neutralized by protons, the capacity of the proteoglycan to absorb water is reduced. The consequence is a loss of elasticity that has a deleterious effect on the functioning of cartilage tissue, tendons and ligaments. In the case of mechanical strain, the wearing of the cartilage tissue in particular will be further promoted.

Even the musculature itself can also suffer structural inflexibility because of acid deposits (through the transition of the inter-cellular fibres from a standard, rather liquid state to a less liquid gel); circulation declines and the disposal of acids is also handicapped by this. Muscle hardening and rheumatism of the soft parts can also be the consequence.


(Editor's note: The "acid deposits" mentioned above may take some time to be neutralized by your new alkaline diet and supplements. So if your saliva pH stubbornly remains acidic, or turns acid again a short while after consuming potassium bicarbonate, do not give up.  Persistence and determination are needed as you continue to alkalize your body until the accumulated acid deposits are dissolved and an alkaline condition is created throughout the body.)


Bones and teeth are made from calcium phosphate. You can consume calcium in the form of bone meal or calcium hydroxyapatite which contain the needed phosphate, or you can take your calcium with a separate source of phosphate, such as lecithin or chia seeds. To preserve your bones and teeth it is good to consume about one gram of calcium and one tablespoon of lecithin or chia seeds daily. We mention lecithin and chia seeds in several places on this website because they provide many benefits to the body. Vitamins A, D and K are needed for absorption and utilization of calcium, and doctors are recommending more vitamin D as the benefits of vitamin D become known. Vitamin D can help prevent at least 16 different types of cancer. Vitamin K1 is abundant in leafy green vegetables, and vitamin K2 is made by healthy gut flora. Both forms of vitamin K are needed by the body for good health, however it is K2 that is essential for healthy teeth and bones.



Vitamin D Council recommended amounts


Based on the body's indicated daily vitamin D usage, the Vitamin D Council recommends the following amounts of supplemental vitamin D3 per day in the absence of proper sun exposure.


 - Healthy infants - 1,000 IU/day
 - Healthy children - 1,000 IU/day per every 25 lbs of body weight.
 - Healthy adults - 5,000 IU/day


Additionally, children and adults with chronic health conditions may need as much as double these amounts.



If you want to supplement your diet with 5,000 IU of vitamin D daily, it is not necessary to consume a dozen low dose soft gels. If you search the Internet, you will find 5,000 IU soft gels available. Given that the body can produce 10,000 to 20,000 IU of vitamin D daily from sunshine, a supplement of 5,000 IU does not seem excessive. It is still a good idea to expose your skin to the sun or a UVB sunlamp on a regular basis, because the skin produces a variety of forms of vitamin D, including a water-soluble form called vitamin D3 sulfate that can do things and go places in the body that the fat soluble vitamin D cannot. The body will not produce more vitamin D than it needs, so getting too much vitamin D is unlikely. If you want to take 10,000 IU per day in supplements then a divided dose of one 5,000 IU soft gel with food at two different meals may be best.



Healthy Teeth and Gums


Teeth are held in the gums by connective tissue, and formation of connective tissue needs vitamins C, A and D. About 3 or 4 grams of vitamin C daily plus adequate vitamins A and D are required to prevent receding gums and the formation of pockets between the teeth and gums. Nearly everyone has subclinical scurvy.


The gingival sulcus is the space between the tooth and the gum. If you have gum problems, it is helpful to clean this space gently and properly. The technique is different from cleaning the teeth. Here is a video showing how to clean the sulcus. To clean the sulcus in this manner you will need a special "blotting brush" available on the Internet. You might also use a dental irrigator with a spoonful of bleach added to the water.


"Oil pulling" helps clean the mouth and gumline. "Oil pulling" means swishing oil in the mouth for 20 minutes. Why oil? Everyone knows that oil and water do not mix. Every micro-organism in the mouth is lipid coated. "Lipid" means oil. Rinsing the mouth with water does not wash out the micro-organisms. However, daily rinsing the mouth with oil washes them away. Billions of them. Any healthy oil should work. Spit the oil into the garbage when you are done. Video. Read more about the benefits of oil pulling 1, 2, 3.


You also might try making a small quantity of paste from baking soda and 3% hydrogen peroxide, then rub the paste on the damaged gum line. Leave it there. Repeat regularly. Some doctors advocate this as an alternative to gum surgery 1, 2. Over a period of several years, with this treatment the gum can reattach to the tooth and pockets fill in. Also helpful to the gums are aloe vera, green tea, and clove oil 1.


Teeth are made from calcium phosphate which must be obtained from the diet. Good sources include bone meal and calcium hydroxyapatite. Proper utilization of calcium within the body requires adequate magnesium plus vitamins D and K2. These nutrients all need to be in proper balance. Learn more here. Organic silica makes teeth and bones stronger.


Tooth enamel is rebuilt both from within and without by an enzyme called adenosine diphosphatase. This enzyme is one of dozens of enzymes in the body that are inactivated by fluoride. It is best to avoid all sources of fluoride. Dr. Yoshiaki Omura found that eating one tablespoon of cilantro daily will help clear the body of heavy metals such as mercury, lead, and aluminum. These metals can be incorporated into enzymes throughout the body, rendering the enzymes dysfunctional.


Avoid eating dried fruit that sticks to the teeth. Make extra sure your teeth are clean before going to bed. That way your teeth will be maximum clean for the longest time, giving them an opportunity to heal. From time to time, use a "disclosure tablet" and redo missed areas. 


The positively charged H+ ion in acid saliva will pull the negatively charged phosphate ion right out of the tooth. Alkaline saliva is necessary to preserve and rebuild tooth enamel. Drink acidic liquids (e.g. lemonade) through a straw to minimize contact with the teeth. Rinse the mouth with water after consuming an acidic food or liquid.


Oral bacteria live in specific pH ranges. Acid producing (anaerobic) bacteria live in an acid environment and die when the saliva becomes alkaline. Similarly, healthy (aerobic) oral bacteria live in a neutral to alkaline environment  and die when the saliva becomes acidic. Ideally, you need a permanent conversion to healthy oral bacteria living in an alkaline environment.


Subject's Caries Status Baseline Saliva pH
Caries free 7.0
Caries inactive 7.0
Slight caries active 6.7
Marked caries active 6.5
Extreme caries active 6.4
Source of this information.  


Use a toothpaste containing xylitol 1, 2, 3, 4. Xylitol breaks up the biofilm that protects decay-causing bacteria and holds acidic bacterial waste against the enamel. Xylitol also changes the bacterial population of the mouth, favoring non-decay causing bacteria. Alternatively, baking soda makes a good toothpaste, and a little hydrogen peroxide mixed with it will help break down bacterial biofilm.


You might consider using an extra soft toothbrush designed for sensitive gums 1, 2.


Eat a diet of whole, unrefined foods. Dr. Weston Price examined the excellent dental health of primitive peoples around the world and found that the common factor was a diet of whole, unrefined foods. This diet contains fresh fruit and vegetables, whole grains, fresh organic meats, fats, plus raw and fermented dairy. No white flour, white sugar, white rice, modern vegetable oils, or canned goods. Of particular importance for strong bones and teeth are the fat soluble vitamins (A, D, and K2). Kefir and sauerkraut are sources of vitamin K2. Videos 1, 2, 3.


According to Dr. Kevin Boyd, dental plaque is not intrinsically acid-producing. It does not produce tooth decay until it becomes "activated". What activates plaque is simple carbohydrates that are not conjugated to their native fiber (which actually provides mechanical cleansing of the teeth).


Don't eat sugar or white flour. Teeth are porous and healthy teeth have a flow of fluid from within carrying nutrients through to the outer structure of the tooth. Sugar, white flour and stress stop this flow of fluid, preventing the teeth from maintaining themselves. For more information search the Internet for "dentinal fluid transport" or read the book. (By "stress" what is meant here is stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system, also called the "fight or flight" response. This is the opposite of stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system or the "rest and repair" response which facilitates the healthy flow of dentinal fluid.) Eat fruit, vegetables, proteins and fats. Avoid refined sugar/carbohydrate in all its forms.


A ketogenic diet that is based on fat for energy rather than carbohydrates is better for your teeth. On the ketogenic diet, your meals and snacks should essentially be vegetables, proteins and healthy fats. Avoid sugar/carbohydrate in all its forms.


Find a dentist who practices minimally invasive dentistry and biomimetic dentistry 1, 2, 3.


For a whitener that is gentle on sensitive teeth try Smiles to Go. Canada, U.S.A.


A useful book is Cure Tooth Decay by Ramiel Nagel.


What percentage of the population between the ages of 65 to 74 has no teeth? Canada 24.6%, United States 22.3%, Finland 36%, United Kingdom 36%.


There is a link between oral health and systemic health.



Dr. Gerson (page 246) gave his cancer patients a 10% potassium solution. Perhaps you can find a potassium drink in your local health food store. Potassium tablets are commonly available. Potassium chloride is often found in grocery stores as a dietary salt alternative to sodium chloride. Search on the Internet for a suppliers of potassium chloride, potassium bicarbonate, potassium citrate, and potassium iodide if you cannot find them locally.


Salts of the alkaline minerals cesium, rubidium and potassium have been found by Dr. Brewer to be particularly effective in fighting cancer.



"A mass spectrographic analysis of cancer cells showed that the cell membrane readily attached cesium, rubidium and potassium, and transmitted these elements with their associated molecules into the cancer cell. In contrast cancer membranes did not transmit sodium, magnesium, and calcium into the cell: the amount of calcium within a cancer cell is only about 1% of that for normal cells. Potassium transports glucose into the cell. Calcium and magnesium transport oxygen into the cell. As a consequence of the above, oxygen cannot enter cancer cells so the glucose which is normally burned to carbon dioxide and water undergoes fermentation to form lactic acid within the cell. This anaerobic condition was pointed out by Warburg, as early as 1924.


Potassium, and especially rubidium and cesium are the most basic of the elements. When they are taken up by the cancer cells they will thus raise the pH of the cells. Since they are very strong bases as compared to the weak lactic acid it is possible that the pH will be raised to values in the 8.5 to 9 range. In this range the life of the cancer cell is short, being a matter of days at the most. The dead cancer cells are then absorbed by the body fluids and eventually eliminated from the system." - Dr. Brewer, High pH Cancer Therapy With Cesium, page 5.


"M. von Ardenne of Dresden, East Germany investigated the tolerance of cancerous cells to pH levels...He found that cells at pH levels...above 7.5 enter a dormant state. At a pH of 7.8 and especially above 8 the life of the cell is very short." - Dr. Brewer, High pH Cancer Therapy With Cesium, page 16.




Vernon's Dance With Cancer 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Vernon Johnston had stage IV prostate cancer metastasized to his bones. His cancer disappeared in two weeks after starting to alkalize his body.



Cesium dietary supplements (cesium carbonate, cesium chloride) are available on the Internet. However, moderation is a virtue. Cesium is ordinarily a trace mineral in the diet. Health Canada reports that some people have encountered problems with their consumption of large quantities of cesium salts when dealing with cancer. Generally, we use more economical potassium bicarbonate and sodium bicarbonate as our main alkalizers, supplemented with tablets of potassium magnesium citrate and/or the Krebs Magnesium-Potassium Chelates mentioned above. These are nutrients needed by the body. The more expensive cesium carbonate and cesium chloride are a last resort cancer treatment, and not ordinarily part of the diet except in trace amounts.



Oxygen Rush


After drinking a glass of potassium bicarbonate, cesium chloride, cesium carbonate or vegetable juice people often experience an oxygen rush. The mind becomes more alert and clear, the body feels as though it is being cleansed and refreshed from within. What is happening?


The pH of arterial blood is normally 7.4 and venous blood is 7.35. However, this need not always be the case. In the Textbook of Medical Physiology page 386, Guyton & Hall state regarding the pH of blood "The lower limit of pH at which a person can live more than a few hours is about 6.8, and the upper limit is about 8.0." Elsewhere on the same page they say it a different way, "Normal variations are only about 3 to 5 nEq/liter, but under extreme conditions, the hydrogen ion can vary from as low as 10 nEq/liter to as high as 160 nEq/liter without causing death". From low to high, this represents a 16 fold variation in oxygen availability in the blood. We can say this because OH- is an oxygen donor and pOH varies inversely to pH.


In other words, there is a range of pH even for the blood. The kidneys do their best to maintain a constant pH in the blood, but they take time to do their job. When you drink a glass of alkaline solution, the alkalinity is absorbed into the blood quite quickly. If you have experienced the oxygen rush, you may have noticed that it can last an hour or more until the kidneys have restored the blood pH. If you drink a second glass of alkalinity an hour or two after the first, you may experience another oxygen rush. Dr. Max Gerson had his patients drink a glass of vegetable juice supplemented with 10% potassium solution each waking hour of the day. This creates pulses of alkalinity coursing through your veins.


Since the kidneys act so slowly, ordinarily the body relies on the lungs and buffers to rapidly normalize pH. Extra breathing and bicarbonate can quickly remove a temporary excess of acid, but the system is not designed to quickly remove excess alkalinity. This gives acid deposits in the body time to react to the temporary boost of alkalinity and be neutralized.


It is important to not over do it. Too much of anything quickly becomes a bad thing. Too much potassium, for example, can cause problems for the heart. Too much sodium or cesium create their own problems.  It is a question of balance. So take it easy, enjoy the oxygen rush, but don't overdo it. An advantage of having an 8 part program for cancer is that no aspect needs to be taken to extreme, and any deficiencies in one part should be compensated for by the others. As your body becomes more alkaline, the effect of drinking an alkaline solution will be less noticeable. You will have a high level of alkalinity and oxygen 24/7.




Would you like to feel even better? Learn how to increase three neurotransmitters/hormones that aid inner awakening, relaxation and well being. These are dimethyltryptamine (DMT), serotonin and melatonin.



While it is well known that calcium needs vitamin D in order to be absorbed and utilized, most people in northern climates tend to be deficient in vitamin D, particularly in winter. Even in summer, recent advice from the medical profession to avoid the sun and to block ultraviolet light from reaching the skin through the use of sunscreens leads to vitamin D deficiency. Better advice is to experience the sun in moderation in all seasons. Stay out of the sun during the hottest part of a summer day, but otherwise utilize the sunlight to maximize your vitamin D production. Plus, consume vitamin D dietary supplements in all seasons. Supplementing the diet of seniors with vitamin D significantly reduces the possibility of bone fractures. There is evidence that vitamin D helps prevent cancer. A good source of vitamin D is fish oil. Fish oil also contains vitamin A, and there is evidence that vitamin A helps cure leukemia. Leukemia is the most common childhood cancer, affecting children as young as two or three years of age. Why not give your children a spoonful of cod liver oil each day?


While it is commonly understood that the body needs calcium to build bones, what is not generally known is bones are a complex matrix of many different minerals and if all the required minerals are not present then strong bones cannot be built. There are at least 18 key bone-building nutrients essential for optimum bone health. The implication is that it is easier to destroy bone through excess acidity in the body than it is to rebuild bone. Furthermore, as farm soils become depleted of many trace minerals the foods grown on these soils contain less and less of the required nutrients. At last count, the human body requires 90 different nutrients for optimum health, and the list is growing year by year. A good nutritional supplement is no longer optional. 



Healthy Joints


Magnesium is a precursor to an important substance in the body called hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid levels in the body are higher in people whose diet contains an abundance of magnesium. Hyaluronic acid is necessary for connective tissue formation and helps maintain healthy joints, prevent skin wrinkles, prevent hernias, and promote the healing of wounds and surgical incisions.


An abundance of B vitamins is also necessary for healthy joints. Absorption of B vitamins is facilitated by beneficial bacteria in the intestines. Many drugs interfere with these beneficial bacteria. For more information see Dr. David Williams Alternatives October 2006. (Editor's note: The use of niacinamide (the amide form of vitamin B3) to reverse arthritis and joint pain, and rebuild damaged cartilage was discovered by Dr. William Kaufman in the 1930's. For both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Dr. Kaufman divided the total daily dose into ten small doses to be taken periodically through the waking hours in order to maintain a constant level of the vitamin in the blood. For more information do an Internet search for "niacinamide arthritis kaufman".) Niacinamide supplementation may also help prevent type 1 diabetes.


Niacin (vitamin B3) is a metabolite of the essential amino acid tryptophan.


Dietary supplementation with DMG (Dimethylglycine) improves oxygen utilization throughout the body, and is particularly useful in areas such as joints which receive little oxygen. People with many different joint problems are found to respond favorably to DMG. Plus, regular exercise such as walking or swimming for half an hour daily improves circulation in the joints, removing wastes and providing nutrients.


Dietary supplementation with SAMe (S-adenosylmethionine) and B vitamins (folic acid, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12) helps reduce pain and inflammation while rebuilding cartilage.


This combination of B vitamins, DMG, and SAMe works magic in many areas of the body, helping to prevent cancer and metastases, heal the arteries, cleanse the liver, strengthen the immune system, reverse the damaging effects of aging and much more. Many people may already have sufficient DMG and SAMe in their body, with their utilization hindered only by insufficient B vitamins. We would suggest starting with B vitamin supplementation, followed if needed by DMG supplementation because it is inexpensive. Some of the DMG will be converted by the body into SAMe. Save the more costly SAMe supplementation for last and only if necessary. Diagram of the metabolic pathways (slide #20).


Folic acid is the synthetic form of folate. (The natural form of folate is better). Folate gets its name from the Latin word "folium" because it is found in leafy greens (foliage), which are also a good source of magnesium.




Charlotte Gerson reports that individuals following the Gerson Therapy have had good results with collagen diseases such as Lupus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Scleroderma. See Healing the Gerson Way, pages 80 - 83. Earthing 1, 2 helps remove autoimmune and inflammatory conditions. People with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis have reported considerable benefit from Earthing. Alkaline mineral supplementation decreased pain in rheumatoid arthritis. Dr. Linus Pauling and Dr. Matthias Rath recommend vitamin C plus the amino acids lysine and proline for healthy collagen (connective tissue, cartilage). Calcium orotate and cartilage. A high blood level of vitamin D helps both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Eat curcumin/turmeric, freshly ground flax seeds (1 to 2 tablespoons in a smoothie daily) and other anti-inflammatory foods. Iodine for an underactive thyroid. Listen to Dr. Rowen. Try Ostinol for arthritis pain. Stir a heaping tablespoon of chicken cartilage powder into your orange juice each morning, and after three or four months your arthritis should be gone. Doing yoga asanas for a few minutes daily helps to keep the body flexible.





3. Supplement your diet with freshly made fruit and vegetable juices. As a treatment for cancer, some doctors recommend one 8 ounce glass per hour for every waking hour of the day. We could never eat the amount of nutrition we drink with these juices.



4. Learn and practice Transcendental Meditation (TM). TM is a non-dietary way to increase the alkalinity of your body. TM gives the body a very deep level of rest and is an effective antidote to stress. Stress is insidious because it affects us 24 hours each day. Stress causes the heart to beat too fast, the muscles to be too tense, the entire metabolism to be too fast. Metabolic waste products are acids (lactic acid, uric acid, etc.), which is one reason why dissolving stress increases the alkalinity of the body. The effectiveness of TM is evidenced by a 53% reduction in overall health care costs and a 55% reduction in cancer (Psychosomatic Medicine 49 (1987): 493-507, American Journal of Managed Care Volume 3, Number 1, (1997): 135-144).


Hi Alkalize For Health,

Wow what a great site, thank you. I must tell you why I was so impressed. When I was given less than a year to live in 1993, I read a lot about Max Gerson (I visited his clinic in Mexico last year) but more importantly I started on a diet to alkalize my body and get the pH at 7.4 or slightly alkaline.

Every day for the past 6 years I start out by drinking 5 glasses of raw vegetable juice, which even tastes great these days. Surprise surprise, no more cancer AND no more arthritis (formally diagnosed in 1992), no more cholesterol, sinus, blood pressure.

My doctor says I'm just lucky...mmmm!!!

Kind regards

Ross Taylor ASM
Immediate Past President,
Cancer Support Association of Western Australia Inc.
Telephone  (61) 08.9268.2560
Hand Phone:(61) 0412.446.512

(Editor's note: In 1998 Ross Taylor wrote a small book called "Living simply with Cancer" with the support of Olivia Newton-John to raise money for cancer support charities. They've raised A$375,000 so far. In the book they talk about alkaline vs. acidic diet, fresh juices, dietary supplementation, meditation and other approaches to healing yourself. You can read about it at See Olivia Newton-John here 1.


The above 4 ways to increase the alkalinity of your body should be effective for most people. If you have difficulty becoming alkaline, here are eight more ways for you to try.



5. Strengthen your digestion. As people age, the digestive system weakens. The result can be nutritional deficiencies in the body, even when the diet is adequate. It is not just what you eat, but what you absorb that is important. Chew each bite of food until it is liquid before swallowing. Smaller meals are easier to digest. To improve your digestion, it may be helpful to take supplementary hydrochloric acid (in the form of "betaine hydrochloride"), digestive enzymes and bile with each meal. Bromelain (the enzyme in fresh pineapple) and papain (the enzyme found in fresh papaya) are very helpful. We suggest eating fresh pineapple and papaya regularly.


Absorption of nutrients takes place in the intestines. The small intestine is lined with "villi" which are tiny finger shaped structures through which nutrients are absorbed. Each villi is covered with microvilli. If viewed as a pipe, the small intestine has an internal surface area of about 1/2 square meter. However, when you include the villi and microvilli, the total surface area within the small intestine available to absorb nutrients increases to about 250 square meters, an increase of 500 fold. Many digestive problems are associated with deficient and damaged villi. The number and length of the villi can be increased by eating foods and supplements high in nucleotides. All the cells of the villi are replaced every seven days, making them some of the most rapidly multiplying cells in the human body. Nucleotides are needed to build DNA and RNA in these new cells. Other tissues with a rapid turnover of cells include skin, lungs, kidneys, heart, blood vessels, and liver. Damage to the digestive system is mostly caused by toxic lectins in food. Watch this video by Dr. Steven Gundry.


As people age and dental health declines it becomes more difficult to eat salads. This is significant because for good health as much as half of your diet should be eaten raw. Our solution is to put raw fruits or vegetables in a blender or Vitamix, cover them with water and blend them to create a delicious fruit smoothie or "veggie shake".


The first thing you eat at each meal should be a tablespoon of sauerkraut or some juice from sauerkraut. Sauerkraut is a natural probiotic that introduces beneficial healing flora into the digestive tract. Dr. Natasha Campbell-McBride finds a connection between a healthy gut and many different diseases. Learn on the Internet how to make your own sauerkraut. Buy non-pasteurized sauerkraut from the refrigerated section of your supermarket.


Another way to improve your digestion is to go on a four day rotation diet. With this diet no particular food is eaten more often than once in four days. This gives the body time to rebuild the digestive substances required to digest each food item. To do this diet, you create four completely different daily menus and consume them in rotation. For more information search the Internet for "4 day rotation diet".


You might also avoid foods that you are intolerant or allergic to. Both your pulse and blood pressure will rise after eating foods your body does not like. All you need to do is measure your pulse or blood pressure before and half an hour after eating a particular food. Then measure your pulse once again after an hour. If your pulse after eating is 4 or 5 beats per minute higher than before, then your body is reacting to the food. For more information, search the Internet for "pulse test for allergies".



6. Bypass your digestive system by adding minerals to your bath or foot bath or rubbing them on your skin. Epsom salts (magnesium sulphate) can be added to your bath or foot bath. Magnesium chloride brine from seawater, called "magnesium oil" (8 oz spray, 64 oz bottle) can be added to your bath or rubbed on your skin. If you have a problem with muscle cramps, try rubbing magnesium oil on the skin over the cramped muscle, or drink some milk of magnesia, or both. Iodine is another important anti-cancer nutrient that will be absorbed through the skin. DMSO is a natural solvent that the body uses as a nutrient. DMSO when rubbed on the skin will carry other nutrients into the body. A cloth soaked with flax oil can be placed on the skin over a problem area of the body (during the day or while sleeping). If you do an enema, you might put some potassium bicarbonate in the enema water. Nutrient enemas are also called "rectal feeding". Anal suppositories can also be used and are sometimes called "vitamin suppositories". Another way to bypass the digestive system is sublingual absorption of nutrients. Sublingual vitamin B12 (methylcobalamin) tablets, for example, are the best way to absorb this nutrient. Vegetarians and the elderly should supplement with vitamin B12 daily. Vitamin B12 is needed for a healthy nervous system. Many health problems experienced by the elderly are actually due to vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin D is made by the skin when exposed to sunlight or special ultraviolet B lamps 1, 2. Vitamin D is also available as an oral spray which may be better absorbed than oral supplements. The vitamin D oral spray may include vitamin K2 and other nutrients. Perhaps the best antioxidant is Earthing. Add exercise (rebounding, yoga asanas, daily walk), meditation, hyperthermia, a comfortable breathing exercise (pranayama), and the squat toilet, and you find that about half of our 8 step anti-cancer program does not involve the digestive system.


See also Transdermal Breast Cancer Treatments. These treatments can be used for nearly all cancers.


Many people have difficulty absorbing fats, and as a result do not absorb the fat soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K) from food and supplements very well. This includes those with Crohn's disease, inflammatory bowel disease, cystic fibrosis, Celiac disease (Sprue), liver and gallbladder problems. About 10% of the population may have Celiac disease. For all these people, an ultraviolet B lamp may be the best way to get vitamin D. In fact, for the entire population Vitamin D from sunlight or a UVB lamp is superior to vitamin D from supplements. Vitamin D made by the skin in response to UVB light contains many variations of the vitamin whose value to health is not fully known at this time. For some reason, vitamin D made by the skin lasts twice as long in the body as vitamin D from supplements. The skin can make 10,000 to 20,000 IU of vitamin D daily, yet the skin will not make more vitamin D than you need, so there is no possibility of an overdose. Since vitamin D controls the absorption and utilization of calcium in the body, having a high level of vitamin D in the blood may be necessary to increase your alkalinity. To prevent skin cancer from UVB light, the main thing is to avoid sun burn. If your skin turns pink a few minutes or hours after exposure to sunlight or UVB light, do not expose your skin again until it has healed. UVB light does not penetrate window glass. The UVB light must fall directly onto the skin.



7. Strengthen the nutrient carrying capacity of your blood. Blood is a colloidal solution. The overall negative electrical charge (called zeta potential) in the blood is what keeps the cells and nutrients in suspension (like charges repel each other). When the negative electrical charge becomes weak, then particles in blood tend to clump together and fall out of solution. Plaques form on artery walls, in the brain and other places. The blood loses its capacity to carry nutrients. The value of the nutrients you consume is lost if the blood cannot transport them. About half the population has badly sludged blood (the cells have coagulated), and most of the remainder have some degree of sludging. Everyone needs to learn how to maximize their zeta potential and the nutrient carrying capacity of their blood.


One lab found that best results in reducing intravascular coagulation were obtained by drinking 8 glasses per day of reverse osmosis filtered water with a mix of potassium citrate and potassium bicarbonate added sufficient to raise the pH of the water to 8.0 to 8.4. The minerals MUST be taken with the water in order to be effective, because dehydration is also a factor. Potassium works better than sodium to reduce intravascular coagulation, in fact too much sodium in the diet is part of the problem. The lab recommends that everyone replace table salt with a mixture of 60% potassium chloride and 40% sodium chloride to better reflect the potassium/sodium balance found in foods.


The recommendations of this lab are remarkably similar to Dr. Gerson's cancer therapy which includes drinking one glass of freshly made fruit or vegetable juice (high in potassium) each waking hour of the day supplemented with a 10% potassium solution. This suggests that Dr. Gerson's therapy strengthens the nutrient carrying capacity of the blood.


To increase your zeta potential you must avoid aluminum. Aluminum is used in water treatment plants to cause materials to settle out of solution. It does this by reducing the zeta potential. In your body aluminum does the same thing. Aluminum is found in municipally treated water, cooking utensils, vaccinations, non-clumping  salt, baking powder, antiperspirants, antacids, drugs (read the label carefully), soft drinks and other canned goods where the plastic liner has cracked during sealing, and in other unexpected places. A reverse osmosis water filter can remove aluminum from your drinking water. Remove aluminum from the body with malic acid (found in apples and apple cider vinegar), vitamin C, iodine, cilantro, chlorella, silica and hyperthermia.


Sodium and calcium decrease zeta potential. Potassium increases zeta potential. The form of potassium that has maximum effect on zeta potential is called potassium citrate. Potassium citrate is available on the Internet. You can read more about zeta potential here. (Editor's note: Citric acid combines with alkaline minerals to form citrate. Citric acid is commonly found in citrus fruits and their juices. The "citric acid cycle", also known as the "Krebs cycle", is key to the metabolism of oxygen in your body. Dr. Krebs received the Nobel prize in 1953 for the discovery of the Krebs cycle. Search the Internet for more information.)


It has also been found that Earthing will increase zeta potential. In one study, 40 minutes of Earthing produced an average 270% increase in zeta potential. The surface of the Earth has a negative electrical charge and will provide the body with limitless negatively charged electrons so long as the body is grounded to the Earth. Earthing is the ultimate anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant. We feel that everyone would benefit from Earthing. Much disease would be prevented and vastly improved health would be enjoyed by all. Let your pets sleep on a grounded surface.



8. Proper kidney function is essential to good health. Proper functioning of the kidney membrane is needed for wastes to be removed and nutrients to remain in the body. "The fine filter systems in the kidneys consist of extremely thin lipoid membranes which contain unsaturated fats existing there because, as filters, their surface activity is essential." - Budwig page 16.


Kidneys are damaged by the standard American diet which contains an abundance of unhealthy fats and oils such as hydrogenated oils, oils heated to high temperature, rancid oils, and most of the modern vegetable oils. Particularly helpful to healthy kidney function are coconut oil and flax oil. See our page on healthy fats and oils. Kidneys are also damaged by high blood sugar and high blood pressure. For kidney, bladder, and urinary tract infections try the simple sugar D-mannose 1, 2. D-mannose may also help protect the prostate from infection. There is a (non-vegetarian) product called Renatrophin pmg from Standard Process Labs that is designed to help maintain kidney function.


Omega 3 essential oil available from fish oil, flax oil, ground/soaked flax seeds and chia seeds is probably the most common dietary deficiency today, and this unsaturated oil is required for proper kidney function. In fact, Dr. Johanna Budwig had good success treating cancer patients with a mixture of flax oil and quark (a kind of cottage cheese).


Also required for proper kidney function is drinking lots of water or fresh juices. Kidneys benefit from high zeta potential. Excessive sweating can remove wastes that that will otherwise burden the kidneys. Kidney and liver damage is being reported as a consequence of consuming genetically modified foods. (Do an internet search for "gmo kidney damage" and "glyphosate kidney damage".)


Increased acidity in the body as we get older is largely the result of age-related decline of renal (kidney) function, and other factors that reduce kidney function.


"The capacity to excrete net endogenous acid does not vary markedly from childhood to young adulthood but falls significantly with age, implying that elderly people may require higher daily alkalizing mineral intake to compensate for renal function losses." - Berkemeyer S, et al.



9. A nutrient called DMG (Dimethylglycine) together with supplemental B vitamins improves oxygen utilization within cells which reduces lactic acid formation, thereby increasing the alkalinity of the body. Supplementing the diet with DMG and B vitamins yields many health benefits including cancer prevention, inhibition of cancer metastases, improved heart health, increased energy, improved oxygenation of the tissues, improved mental functioning, and prevention of many of the damaging effects of aging. DMG and B vitamins are very economical.



10. There is an intestinal disorder known as celiac disease that disrupts the ability to absorb calcium and vitamin D as well as other nutrients. Many people with osteoporosis actually have celiac disease. Celiac disease is the result of intolerance to the gluten in wheat, barley, spelt, kamut, oats and rye. Following a gluten-free diet may improve both digestion and bone density. If you are having difficulty increasing your alkalinity, you might try a gluten-free diet for a few weeks or months to see if it helps. Gluten-free grains include rice (white, brown, wild), corn, millet, sorghum, teff, amaranth, quinoa, and buckwheat. Genetic markers for gluten intolerance indicate that a significant proportion of the population would benefit from a gluten free diet. Some scientists suggest that Celiac disease is like an iceberg, with a small percentage of the population showing clinical symptoms but nearly everyone affected to some degree. Read The Dark Side of Wheat. Primitive societies that ate no grains may have had no cancer. Glyphosate in wheat 1, 2 has radically increased celiac disease (so eat organic wheat). Glyphosate 'Probably Carcinogenic to Humans' Latest WHO Assessment. Wheat belly 1, 2. Grain brain 1, 2, 3. Balancing these concerns is a reminder from Dr. McDougal that only a small percentage of the population has celiac disease and need be particularly concerned about grains.


Humans did not eat grains, legumes or dairy prior to the development of farming about 10,000 years ago, and our DNA may be better adapted to a Paleolithic or hunter-gatherer diet of fruits, vegetables, berries, nuts, insects, eggs, seafood and meat. On the other hand, humans are omnivorous and throughout the long history of humanity we have been opportunists, eating what was available in order to survive. This has not changed to this day. Though many of the foods we eat may not be ideal, we do what we must do in order to survive. The present population of Earth would starve without farming. However, we could make much better use of the food that is available, which is what we explore on our raw foods page, and farmers could improve the nutritional value of the food they grow, which we explore on our better farming pages.


Dr. Arthur Coca reportedly cured many afflictions by using a pulse test to diagnose allergies to foods and other substances, and then having the patients adjust their diet and lifestyle appropriately - by simply avoiding the cause. Everyone might benefit from learning the pulse test. Basically, you measure your pulse (beats per minute) before you get out of bed and write it down, before you eat a meal consisting of one food and write it down, 30 minutes after eating and write it down, and 60 minutes after the meal and write it down. That is a completed test for one food. After the 60 minute test you can eat another single food meal and take your pulse at 30 minutes and 60 minutes writing it down each time. Repeat through the day. "The injurious foods are recognized by the abnormal speed-up of the pulse." Children can learn how to do this when they are old enough.   



The most sensitive and specific blood test for gluten/gliadin sensitivity that's presently available is called the tissue transgluaminase (tTG) test. It's the one I've used since it became available. Others include the endomysial antibodies (EMA) test and the antigliadin antibodies (AGA) test. These two screening techniques check for specific antibodies produced in the body after ingesting grains. The EMA tests measures mostly "short-lived" antibodies and the AGA test checks "longer-lived" antibodies.
- Dr. Jonathan V. Wright




Toxic Lectins


All foods contain lectins. Most are safe, some are beneficial and some are toxic. A toxic lectin is a protein that can damage the cells lining the gut.


Foods that contain toxic lectins include dairy products from cows (goat dairy is safe), eggs, grains (wheat, rye, barley, oats), legumes (including soy and peanuts), and nightshade plants (peppers, tomatoes, potatoes). Since dairy, grains and legumes are missing from the Paleolithic diet, this diet may be helpful for people sensitive to toxic lectins. Or simply cut down on them by not eating the high toxic lectin foods every day. White rice is virtually toxin-free and is also gluten free, making it probably the best of the grains to eat on a daily basis. However, eating too much white rice is associated with magnesium deficiency and type 2 diabetes. This indicates the value of a varied diet. Alternatives might include starchy vegetables such as carrots, squash and perhaps even potatoes. Or consider a ketogenic diet.


Toxic lectins create a leaky gut that admits to the bloodstream substances that should not enter. The result can be the creation or aggravation of many health problems and diseases. Toxic lectins cause red blood cells to agglutinate (clump together), and can cause other cells throughout the body to agglutinate. One common toxic lectin is wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) found in whole wheat flour but not in white flour.


Some people are sensitive and some are not. A healthy immune system will react to small quantities of toxic lectins by producing antibodies. Sensitivity to toxic lectins can increase or decrease depending on diet, the presence of infections, the use of drugs, and other factors. Sensitivity can be determined through an elimination diet which begins with a simple diet free of toxic lectins and foods are added one at a time to see if there is a reaction.


Soaking seeds overnight and then throwing away the soak water removes some of the lectins. Sprouting or cooking may reduce the toxicity of lectins. Beneficial bacteria in fermented or cultured foods such as sauerkraut, kefir and yoghurt work to repair the gut.


Dr. Steven Gundry has developed a product called "Lectin Shield" which is eaten with each meal to protect the body from toxic lectins. This product also contains the two other food components he highly recommends which are prebiotics to feed your healthy gut bacteria, and polyphenols. Taking Lectin Shield with each meal will make almost any diet more tolerable to the body. Dr. Mahmud Kara offers a similar product called "Lectin Guard" at lower cost.


Foods containing polyphenols. Polyphenols are phytochemicals, also known as antioxidants.

Foods containing prebiotics. Prebiotics are indigestible fiber that feed intestinal bacteria (probiotics).



Do an Internet search for "toxic lectins" to learn more. You need to use a pressure cooker to completely destroy the toxic lectins in grains, beans, legumes and nightshade vegetables. 1



You can take almost any food and find toxic components. This is an argument for a varied diet and taking care of your liver which has the job of dealing with toxic substances in the body. Perhaps one day a completely non-toxic and totally nourishing food will be found. It might even taste good. In the meantime we need to eat something.



11. Unhealthy intestinal bacteria and yeasts excrete lactic acid and other organic acids that are absorbed by the body and turn the blood acidic. This situation is often associated with inflamed and swollen intestines that are less able to absorb nutrients. People who are unable to alkalize their body using steps one to four above may be helped by the Specific Carbohydrate Diet that denies unhealthy intestinal flora and fauna the undigested carbohydrates that they eat. The Specific Carbohydrate Diet is explained in the book Breaking the Vicious Cycle by Elaine Gottschall.


Dr. Natasha Campbell-McBride 1, 2, 3, 4 developed the Gut and Psychology Syndrome (GAPS) diet as a refinement of the Specific Carbohydrate Diet. The GAPS diet works in stages to heal the gut lining and restore a healthy gut population.


The GAPS diet eliminates sugar, grains, legumes and starchy vegetables. The GAPS diet permits meat, fish and other seafood, non-starch vegetables, ripe fruit, nuts, and oily seeds (sunflower, sesame, and pumpkin). The GAPS diet encourages fermented foods.


Before the invention of refrigeration, fermentation was a common means to preserve food for consumption throughout the year. Live bacteria in sauerkraut help maintain a population of healthful bacteria within our digestive system. The first thing you eat at each meal should be a tablespoon of sauerkraut or some juice from sauerkraut. Sauerkraut is a natural probiotic that introduces beneficial healing flora into the digestive tract. Buy sauerkraut in the refrigerated section of your grocery store. Sauerkraut on non-refrigerated shelves has been heated and the beneficial bacteria are dead.



12. Populations of bacteria, fungi, etc. may be thriving throughout your body without causing acute disease, yet producing inflammation and copious acid waste products. These stealth infections may underlie a variety of degenerative conditions. Bacteria are found in arthritic joints, arterial plaque, and many other places. Reducing these populations by strengthening your immune system, hyperthermia, exercise, meditation, electro-medicine and other means can help alkalize your body and free up immune system resources to fight cancer.




Osteoporosis Drugs Backfire


Women taking bisphosphonate osteoporosis drugs (such as Fosamax) for over five years are experiencing severe fractures with little or no provocation. Since these drugs accumulate in the bones, even stopping taking the drugs will not prevent problems from occurring in millions of women.


These drugs interfere with the natural process of bone destruction and rebuilding. During weight bearing exercise, tiny cracks appear in the bone. The natural process of bone repair involves dissolving the damaged bone and rebuilding it stronger than before.


By preventing the destruction of bone, the drugs produce an increase in bone density at the expense of non-repair of cracks. In time the cracks accumulate, eventually resulting in fractures with little or no provocation.


- New England Journal of Medicine, March 20, 2008, Volume 358:1304-1306.
- Journal of Bone Joint Surgery, 2007 Mar;89(3):349-53.
- The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2005 Vol. 90, No. 3 1294-1301 (For more information see all the citations at the end of this article).






If you want stronger bones, taking supplemental vitamin C is helpful. Vitamin C helps create the collagen cross-link structure that gives strength to bones. Postmenopausal women who take supplemental vitamin C have higher bone density. The higher the dose of vitamin C, the lower the risk of fractures. - Dr. Thomas Levy, pages 88-89. Also helpful are vitamin D, calcium, magnesium, boron, exercise, protein (lysine and proline), and choline stabilized orthosilicic acid (an absorbable form of silica).


By volume bones are about 50% protein. The calcium in bone is in a lattice of collagen. Collagen is largely made of two amino acids called hydroxylysine and hydroxyproline. Vitamin C is needed by the body to change lysine into hydroxylysine and proline into hydroxyproline. When calcium is removed from bone, it is not just calcium that is gone. The collagen lattice is also gone. To rebuild bone it is necessary to restore the minerals (mostly calcium) AND the collagen lattice. To restore the collagen lattice it is necessary to consume adequate vitamin C plus the amino acids lysine and proline. Unfortunately lysine is one of the amino acids that is destroyed/denatured by the heat of cooking. Lysine must be consumed raw through the consumption of raw foods. We suggest that half of your diet should be raw.


"...while bone is the body's reservoir of calcium, that calcium is tied up as part of a structure, the largest component of which is protein. When the body needs calcium and has to make withdrawals from the skeletal reserves, it does so not by leaching the calcium from this protein-mineral complex, but by physically tearing down microscopic units of bone and scavenging the calcium that is released in the process. Inevitably, therefore, the protein matrix - the structure - goes as well." - Dr. Robert P. Heaney, M.D.


To prevent the destruction of bone it is necessary to create and maintain an alkaline condition in the body. Then, by consuming appropriate nutrients lost bone can be restored.



Quotes and Recommended Reading


"For instance, the salivary amylase ( ptyalin ) or starch-splitting enzyme of the mouth is active only in an alkaline media and is destroyed by a mild acid." - A Complete Handbook of Nature Cure, Chapter 15.


"Amylase starts the digestion of starch... It has a pH optima of 7.4." -


"Carbohydrates require an alkaline environment for best enzymatic action. A good alkaline environment is the mouth." - Enzymes & Enzyme Therapy, Anthony J. Chichoke, D.C., Keats Publishing, Inc., New Canaan, Connecticut, 1994, page 17.


"Diet, evolution and aging - The pathophysiologic effects of the post-agricultural inversion of the potassium-to-sodium and base-to-chloride ratios in the human diet." - Eur J Nutr 40:200-213 (2001) "We argue that any level of acidosis may be unacceptable from an evolutionary perspective, and indeed, that a low-grade metabolic alkalosis may be the optimal acid-base state for humans."

  Paleolithic Diet Modern Diet
Potassium 10,900 mg 3,100 mg
Sodium 670 mg 2,300 - 6,900 mg


"In particular, food staples and food-processing procedures introduced during the Neolithic and Industrial Periods have fundamentally altered 7 crucial nutritional characteristics of ancestral hominin diets: 1) glycemic load, 2) fatty acid composition, 3) macronutrient composition, 4) micronutrient density, 5) acid-base balance, 6) sodium-potassium ratio, and 7) fiber content. The evolutionary collision of our ancient genome with the nutritional qualities of recently introduced foods may underlie many of the chronic diseases of Western civilization." - Watch video "Origins and Evolution of the Western Diet: Health Implications for the 21st Century" by Dr. Loren Cordain, or read the article with the same title published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, February 2005, vol. 81 no. 2 341-354. See also 1, 2, 3


"Clinical research by Dr M T Morter (Arkansas, USA) has shown that if the anabolic urinary and salivary pH (measured immediately upon awakening) is below 6.8, we can be relatively certain that digestive support must be provided. Controlled clinical studies by Dr Paul Yanick (Pasadena, USA) have confirmed Dr Morter's findings and recorded that intracellular assimilation of nutrients is significantly decreased when the anabolic pH is below 6.8. However as both these researchers have shown, supplementing the diet with appropriate alkalizing agents was highly beneficial in elevating the systemic pH by replenishing the alkaline mineral and enzyme reserves." - Dr. Peter  Bartlett, Using pH as a Measure of Digestive Physiology. Available on the Internet at


"Specifically, a tooth (which is primarily mineral in content) is in a constant state of back-and-forth demineralization and remineralization between the tooth and surrounding saliva... When the pH at the surface of the tooth drops below 5.5, demineralization proceeds faster than remineralization (meaning that there is a net loss of mineral structure on the tooth's surface)." -


"The calcium content of saliva doubled or even tripled when the diet contained adequate vitamin D from cod liver oil." - source


"Low cancer areas were far more frequent in the sun belt. What was the significance of sunlight with regard to cancer rates? Sunlight reacts with cholesterol inside and on the surface of the skin to create vitamin-D. Vitamin-D helps the body absorb calcium and plays a major role in the body's ability to use the calcium that is available." The Calcium Connection, Dr. Cedric Garland and Dr. Frank Garland, 1989, Forside, Simon and Shuster Inc.


"There are many research studies which allude to the fact that high phosphorus and/or phosphoric acid (found in meat and soft drinks) pulls calcium out of the bony structures (bones, teeth and nails) in the process of digestion and assimilation. This has a disastrous effect on bone density, leaving them porous and spongy. When calcium is pulled from the bones, it is released through the kidneys, resulting in stone formation (kidney stones) before it is excreted." The Greenleaves of Barley, Dr. Mary Ruth Swope, 1987, Swope Enterprises Inc., P.O. Box 62104, Phoenix, AZ 85082-2104 telephone 1-800-447-9772.


"What causes excess acid? The principal cause of acidosis is the excessive consumption of protein, which is usually metabolized "acidically" because of its sulphur content. We strain the organism with a daily proton excess of 50-100 mmol with the usual mixed diet. A lack of physical activity (lack of oxygen) also leads to an increased production of acid through metabolic processes." -


"The available research makes a compelling case that diet-induced acidosis, not diet-induced acidaemia, is a real phenomenon, and has a significant, clinical, long-term pathophysiological effect that should be recognised and potentially counterbalanced by dietary means." - Diet-induced acidosis: is it real and clinically relevant?


"additional alkali loads in an appropriately composed diet can compensate for the protein-related raised acid production..." - Influence of nutrition on acid-base balance - metabolic aspects


"Potassium magnesium citrate is available over the counter. It is proving to be very beneficial in preventing kidney stones." - University of Maryland Medical Center Editor's note: Vitamin B6 helps the body metabolize oxalates, so you should get even better results by adding vitamin B6 supplementation. Phytic acid and oxalic acid are neutralized when seeds are sprouted. Plus, dehydration is a factor. The kidneys work better when we drink more fluids.


"...bile contains alkaline salts that are often absorbed to help maintain the proper pH of the blood (which is slightly alkaline at 7.4). Since the Standard American Diet emphasizes more meats and refined foods at the expense of raw unrefined vegetables (resulting in acidic blood), the absorption of alkaline salts from the gallbladder is required to help bring the pH back into balance. When salts are removed from the bile, it becomes thicker. In turn, thicker bile makes the removal of cholesterol from the gallbladder more difficult - leading to the formation of gallstones." - Dr. David Williams, Alternatives newsletter, June 2006.


"If we called gout uric acid arthritis would we get better treatment?...Gout has long been known as a build up of uric acid. This leads to uric acid being deposited in and around the joints as mono sodium urate (MSU) crystals. Hence, gout's other name - crystal arthritis, or crystal-induced arthritis." -


"The reduced [zeta potential] can manifest as symptoms of degenerative disease like osteoporosis. The cause is not calcium intake. The cause is reduced carrying capacity, which destroys the blood's ability to carry minerals in suspension to bone." -

"The problem for those with high blood pressure isn't sodium, it's a lack of balance between sodium and potassium levels. More than 25 separate studies show how increasing potassium intake (without decreasing the sodium) is an effective way to lower blood pressure. One of those studies demonstrated that with just one daily serving of a potassium-rich food the risk of death by stroke may be cut by as much as half." - Robert C. Atkins, M.D.


"Magnesium and calcium work together to control muscle action, though calcium becomes increasingly toxic in the face of any kind of magnesium deficiency. Calcium tightens the muscles; magnesium relaxes the muscles. With insufficient magnesium the muscles stay tense and through the years may cause a cramp in the muscle. This could happen when you have too much calcium or too little magnesium. Too much calcium causes the heart to go into a spasm and this can cause a heart attack." - Mark Sircus Ac., OMD. See our healthy heart and Circulation page.


"While growing numbers of cardiologists are recommending fish oil and coenzyme Q10, virtually no one emphasizes the critical importance of magnesium. The result is that startling numbers of aging Americans suffer the lethal consequences of magnesium deficiency." - Life Extension Magazine


"Manipulation of the extracellular and/or intracellular pH of tumors may have considerable potential in cancer therapy...The degree to which pH is depressed in tumors - as mirrored by their lactate levels - tends to correlate with prognosis; i.e., the more acidic tumors are associated with poorer outcome. In part, this phenomenon may reflect the fact that tumor acidity is serving as a marker for HIF-1 activation, which works in a variety of complementary ways to boost tumor capacity for invasion, metastasis, angiogenesis, and chemoresistance. However, there is increasing evidence that extracellular acidity per se contributes to the aggressiveness of cancer cells, boosting extracellular proteolytic activities, expression of pro-angiogenic factors, and metastatic capacity." - Manipulating Tumor Acidification as a Cancer Treatment Strategy, Mark F. McCarty, BA and Julian Whitaker, MD.


"Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) has shown that the pH of MCF-7 human breast cancer xenografts can be effectively and significantly raised with sodium bicarbonate in drinking water." - Enhancement of chemotherapy by manipulation of tumour pH.


"Bicarbonate Increases Tumor pH and Inhibits Spontaneous Metastases", Cancer Res 2009;69:2260-2268. Published OnlineFirst March 10, 2009.


"When you drink alkaline water, you are drinking water with excess oxygen, not in the form of O2, but in the form of OH- which is very stable because it is mated with positively ionized alkaline minerals. Two of these hydroxyl ions can form a water molecule (H2O) and give out one oxygen atom. The alkaline mineral is used to detoxify poisonous acid compounds and when that happens the hydroxyl ion is freed to supply excess oxygen to the cells to prevent the development of cancer," Reverse Aging, Sang Whang, 1990, Siloam Enterprise, Inc., 560 Sylvan Ave., Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632, page 51.


"The human body functions best when our blood is slightly alkaline. We make acid as a natural by-product of metabolism, but we make no alkaline. We must therefore get alkalinizing minerals from our diets." - Cancer Battle Plan Sourcebook, Dr. Dave Frahm, 2000, Penguin Putnam Inc., New York, page 147.


"Ordinarily, arterial blood has a pH of about 7.41, and as the blood acquires carbon dioxide in the tissue capillaries, the pH falls to a venous value of about 7.37. In other words, a pH change of 0.04 unit takes place." - Guyton & Hall, page 522.


"At the Tree of Life, a clinical study of more than a thousand people found that those who were healthiest had a venous blood pH of approximately 7.46 - distinctly more alkaline than the traditional teaching of 7.35 as a healthy blood pH. Research done at UCLA by Dr. Watson produced similar findings; in a study of more than three hundred people, the venous blood pH associated with healthiest brain and emotional functioning was 7.46." - Gabriel Cousens, M.D. in The pH Miracle by Robert O. Young, PhD and Shelley Redford Young page xiv. Editor's note: Adding the typical pH difference between venous and arterial blood of 0.04 to the venous blood pH of 7.46 yields a healthy arterial blood pH of 7.5.


"For healthy people the PH level is around 7.40. +/-0.05. As we get older it decreases to 7.30 or below. It seems like a small difference, but as the PH decreases it also decreases in hydroxyl ion (OH-), which is an oxygen donor. Because PH is logarithmic it would mean young people carry 23% more oxygen in their blood than old people." - Annelie Pompe (athlete)


"The fall in carbon dioxide output (during practice of TM) has another effect: that of causing a tendency for the reaction of the blood to change from acidity towards alkalinity. This has in turn widespread effects upon the chemistry of the blood, all of which are beneficial to the entire system," Science of Being and Art of Living, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, 1967, International SRM Publications, page 197.


"Any stressor that the mind or body interprets and internalizes as too much to deal with, leaves an acid residue. Even a mild stressor can cause a partial or total acid-forming reaction," Alkalize or Die, Dr. Theodore A. Baroody, Jr., 1993, Eclectic Press, Waynesville, NC 28786, page 157.


"Adjusting a cancer victim's pH is an absolute must at the start of any treatment, whether orthodox or wholistic (non-toxic). I consider it a gross oversight that this major modality has been ignored for so long. Could it have been overlooked because the cost is only about five cents a day?" What I Would Do If I Had Cancer Again, Carson E. Pierce, N.D., 1996, page 89.



This Vedic text is over a thousand of years old:








Alkali of strong potency should be used in diseases arising from anila (vata), slesma (kapha), medas (fat), arbuda (cancerous growth) and such others which are very difficult to cure, alkali of medium potency shall do in those diseases when they are of moderate strength (not very difficult to cure). - Volume 1, page 346


(Note: When you take the ashes of a wood fire, soak them in water, filter the ash from the water and then evaporate the water, a fine white powder remains. This white powder is called "pot ash" and is mainly potassium carbonate. Following the instructions offered in Vagbhata's Ashtanga Hridayam for making an "alkali" the resulting mixture should have four or five times as much potassium as calcium. This is a healthy ratio. - Editor, Alkalize For Health)





Fourth Phase of Water

It is generally understood that water has three phases - solid (ice), liquid, and gas (vapor). However, it has been known for more than a hundred years that there is a fourth phase of water. The fourth phase is a highly ordered, coherent, gel-like, liquid crystal. This fourth phase of water used to be thought of as a relatively thin boundary layer adjacent to proteins and other structures. However, the liquid crystal layer gets thicker with higher pH, and experiments have demonstrated the liquid crystalline layer extending to a meter or more.


The liquid crystal phase of water has a negative electrical charge, and acts as a battery with current flowing between the liquid crystal and neighboring substances. We suggest that liquid crystal water is the body's main storage medium for electrons, and these electrons are used to constantly regenerate the body's antioxidant system. This is key to maintaining healthy mitochondria and aerobic cellular respiration.


"Emerging evidence suggests that cancer cells are more oxidized relative to normal; they do not have enough electrons. This is consistent with other indications that cancer is a redox disease, a state of electronic imbalance. Rational therapy and prevention should start from here." - Dr. Mae-Wan Ho


Dr. Gerald Pollack says, "Negative charge is critical for building the structure." Of course, alkaline (OH-) has a negative charge and acid (H+) has a positive charge, so we can see a connection between negative charge, alkalinity and the formation of liquid crystal water. The actual composition of liquid crystal water is H3O2, which is made possible by the hexagonal (6 sided honeycomb) layered crystalline structure as explained by Dr. Pollack in these videos 1, 2.


H2O + (OH-) -- H3O2


H2O + H2O -- H3O2 + H+


The formation of liquid crystal water can throw off protons (H+) creating an acid condition in neighboring areas. We suggest the consumption of bicarbonate is helpful to remove this excess acidity from the body. Plus, alkalinity (OH-) facilitates the formation of liquid crystal water without throwing off surplus protons (H+). Liquid crystal water (H3O2) contains more oxygen than regular water (H2O).


Sunlight provides energy that creates liquid crystal water, specifically infrared and ultraviolet light. Perhaps this discovery provides insight into the effectiveness of the infrared sauna and UVB Vitamin D sunlamp. Dr. Pollack states that Earthing also provides negative electrical charge to help create liquid crystal water.


Liquid crystal water is highly significant to living organisms. "It turns out that liquid crystalline water and sunlight are practically all we need for energy and life. Just add sunlight for energy and life." - Dr. Mae-Wan Ho.


Bulk (disorderly) water is not affected by weak electromagnetic fields, but liquid crystal water is highly resonant with a wide range of electromagnetic frequencies (light).


"The usual denial that very weak electromagnetic fields have any effect is based on the argument that the energies in these fields are 'below the thermal threshold' of random motions of molecules, which will certainly swamp out the signals. But coherently vibrating molecules, far from swamping out the weak signals, will sum up their response to the weak signal, and hence result in a substantial effect. To use another analogy that engineers understand, the organism is like an exquisitely tuned receiver (and emitter) for EMFs over the widest possible range of frequencies. By half-accident, we found that all living organisms - especially those that are most actively moving around - look like a dynamic liquid crystal display in all the colors of the rainbow." - Dr. Mae-Wan Ho.


"The three phases of water that everybody knows about in the textbook just don't do it. In fact, it's a 100-year-old idea that there's a fourth phase of water. This is not an original idea. Though the concept of a liquid crystalline, or gel-like, phase of water has been around for some time, the generally accepted view is that this kind of water is only two or three molecular layers thick. And what we found in our experiments is that it's not two or three layers, but two or three million layers. In other words, it's the dominant feature." - Dr. Gerald Pollack.


"Turns out that the thickness depends on the pH. If you increase the pH, we found that this region gets thicker. It also gets thicker with time. So if you wait long enough, and if you have the right conditions, and maybe enough light beating down on it, you could conceivably get a very thick layer." - Dr. Gerald Pollack.


"The water inside your cells is absolutely critical for your health. If you have a pathology of an organ, it's not only the proteins inside that organ that are not working, but also the water inside that organ. That near-protein water is not ordered in the way it should be. So what you want to do is reestablish a kind of ordering." - Dr. Gerald Pollack.




For more information see 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. Article number 4 explores the connection between liquid crystalline water inside the cell and the cellular preference for potassium over sodium, which is key to cellular health and cancer prevention.


Pollack, Gerald, Cells, Gels and the Engines of Life, Ebner and Sons Publishers, 2001.

Pollack, Gerald, Water and the Cell, Springer, 2010.

Pollack, Gerald, The Fourth Phase of Water, Ebner & Sons, 2013. Free PDF.

Ho, Mae-Wan, The Rainbow and the Worm: The Physics of Organisms, World Scientific Publishing Company, 2008. Free PDF.

Ho, Mae-Wan, Living Rainbow H2O, World Scientific Publishing Company, 2012.


If you count the molecules in the human body, you will find that 99% of the molecules are water. This is possible because the water molecule is so small. Any description of the structure and function of any part of the body or the body as a whole is obviously incomplete if it does not account for the role of water.





Why not prevent infection?

"The microbe is nothing. The terrain is everything." - Claude Bernard (1813-1878)

How do we create a terrain that will resist infection?

According to Claude Bernard, healthy terrain involves four factors:
1. alkalinity
2. negative electrical charge
3. nutrition
4. toxins

"If our internal environment was changed from an acidic oxygen deprived environment to an alkaline environment full of oxygen, viruses, bacteria and fungus cannot live." - Dr. Otto Warburg

Negative electrical charge begins with grounding the human body to the Earth because the surface of the Earth has a negative electrical charge. The negative charge is stored in the body as liquid crystal water, which acts as a battery to constantly recharge the body's antioxidant system.

Glutathione is the main antioxidant inside cells. Vitamin C is the main antioxidant outside cells. Vitamin E is the main fat soluble antioxidant and prevents oxidation of lipids. Vitamin A is the main antioxidant for the skin, which includes the lining of the lungs, esophagus, stomach and intestines. Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA) is the main antioxidant for mitochondria. ALA is soluble in both water and fat and easily penetrates the blood-brain barrier.

Nutrition to prevent infection will include the following:
Vitamin C is antiviral, antitoxin and antihistamine;
Vitamin D is antiviral and antibacterial;
Iodine is antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal;
Glutathione is antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal and antiparasite.

Four nutrients are needed to create and maintain glutathione - selenium, plus the amino acids cysteine, glutamine, and glycine.

There are many ways to minimize toxins in the body. These include a clean diet, adequate sleep, daily exercise, non-smoking, sweating, maintaining a healthy colon, dealing effectively with stress, and much more.

To prove his point, Claude Bernard reportedly drank a glass of cholera tainted water. Cholera was the Ebola of his day.



Page Summary 


This page tells the story of alkalinity - how to measure alkalinity and how to enhance alkalinity. It is not enough to just swallow a lot of calcium pills or sodium bicarbonate. Eating the wrong alkaline minerals may make you temporarily alkaline, but will not make you healthy. There are FOUR alkaline minerals that the body requires in an appropriate balance, and the minerals deficient in most people are potassium and magnesium. Potassium and magnesium are available in abundance in fruits, vegetables and their juices. The best potassium supplement seems to be potassium bicarbonate. There are several magnesium supplements available, including tablets of potassium-magnesium citrate, as well as liquid magnesium chloride that can be rubbed on the skin. Magnesium citrate powder has a mild taste and can be added to smoothies. Potassium citrate has a stronger taste and is better taken as tablets or in capsules.


Additional support for potassium and magnesium supplementation comes from our Healthy Heart and Diabetes pages.


Despite the buffer systems built-in to our body, there is a tendency for the body to become increasingly acidic as we get older. The two main reasons for this are declining kidney function and acidic diet. The increasing acidity impacts our health. We can help our kidneys by avoiding things that damage them and by drinking lots of water and juice. We can offset the increasing acidity of the body by eating an alkaline diet.


The simple saliva pH test you just learned can help ensure long life and perfect health for you and your family. Be sure to obtain some pH paper and always have it on hand so you can check your saliva pH from time to time. Teach your children how to do this test. Share this information with your friends.


Later in this web site we will examine another test using a device called a "refractometer". The refractometer provides a simple way to measure the nutritional value of food. Would you believe that sick food creates sick people? More on this later.


Now let's move on to an overview of 8 things you can do to prevent or remove cancer. As you will see, these same 8 steps will probably prevent or remove most other degenerative diseases as well. By the time you have learned how to deal effectively with cancer, you will have created a firm basis for a life free from all degenerative disease. So, to learn what else you can do let's move on to Cancer Self-Treatment.



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Fresh Mouth™ is a potent, fluoride-free formula that utilizes the natural herbal strength of peppermint, eucalyptus, and spearmint to support oral health.  

Renaltrex® is an enhanced, vegan-friendly blend of powerful herbs that help cleanse the kidneys. This cleansing process supports normal kidney function.  

The Kidney Cleanse Kit is a comprehensive way to cleanse your kidneys and rejuvenate your system. It includes Renaltrex®, Oxy-Powder®, and Latero-Flora™.


In 1904 there was very little cancer. Now there is an abundance of cancer. What has changed? Can this be reversed? If you have cancer or do not want to get cancer the information you and your family need is on this web site.


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