This page has two articles concerning mercury.
|||| MERCURY Amalgam Poisoning ||||
ABSTRACT: "Acute exposure of KB and Chinese hamster ovary cells (AS52) to low concentrations of mercury (II) results in a dose dependent binding of mercury to DNA. This binding of mercury (II) to the DNA occurs at concentrations of mercury that have little if any effect on glutatione levels or on superoxide dismutase activity. Mutational studies with AS52 cells demonstrated that concentrations (0.1 to 0.4 microM) of mercury (II) which were not cytotoxic caused an increase (1.7 to 3.1) in the frequency of mutations in the gpt gene when compared to non-treated controls. These results suggest that there may be risks associated with exposure to non-cytotoxic levels of mercury (II)." http://vest.gu.se/~bosse/yrARI94a.html
"In January of 1994, the government of Ontario demanded a probe of mercury dental fillings. In February, Sweden announced a total ban on the use of mercury amalgam fillings. Dr. Fritz Lorschieder, professor of physiology at the Calgary Medical School, stated "given the evidence, the continued use of mercury dental amalgam fillings is indefensible." (Second Opinion, William C.Douglas, M.D., ed. 1350 Center Dr. Ste100, Dunwoody, Georgia 30338). "
1. Mercury penetrates the blood-brain barrier around the brain, and as little as one part per million can impair this barrier, permitting entry of substances in the blood that would otherwise be excluded. (Chang and Hartman, 1972; Chang and Burkholder, 1974).
2. The effect of mercury on the nervous system selectively inhibits protein and amino acid absorption into brain tissue. (Yoshino et al.,1966; Steinwall, 1969; Steinwall and Snyder, 1969; Cavanagh and Chen, 1971).
3. Mercury inhibits the synaptic uptake of neurotransmitters in the brain and can produce subsequent development of Parkinson's disease. Ohlson and Hogstedt, "Parkinsons Disease and Occupational Exposure to Organic Solvents, Agricultural Chemicals and Mercury" Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment Health Vol 7 No.4 : 252-256,1981.
4. Mercury is nephrotoxic (toxic to the kidneys) and causes pathological damage. Nicholson et al, "Cadmium and Mercury Nephrotoxicity" Nature Vol 304:633, 1983.
5. Chronic exposure to mercury may cause an excess of serum proteins in the urine which may progress to nephrotic syndrome and peculiar susceptibility to infections that break into and modify the course of any pre-existing disease. Friberg et al, 1953 "Kidney Injury after chronic exposure to inorganic mercury" Archives of Environmenal Health Vol 15:64, 1967; Kazantis et al, 1962 "Albuminuria and the Nephrotic Sundrome Following Exposure to Mercury" Quarterly Journal of Medicine Vol 31: 403-418, 1962; Joselow and Goldwater, 1967 "Absorption and Excretion of Mercury in Man and Mercury Content of "normal" Human Tissues" Archives of Environmental Health Vol 15:64, 1967.
6. Mercury fillings can contribute to a higher level of mercury in the blood, and can affect the functioning of the heart, change the vascular response to norepinepherine and potassium chloride, and block the entry of calcium ions into the cytoplasm. Abraham et al, 1984 "The Effect of Dental Amalgam Restorations on Blood Mercury Levels" Journal of Dental Research Vol 63 No.1:71-73,1984; Kuntz et al, "Maternal and Cord Blood Background Mercury Levels: A Longitudinal Surveillance" American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol 143 No. 4: 440-443, 1982; Joselow et al, 1972; Mantyla and Wright, 1976; Trakhtenberg, 1968; Oka et al, 1979.
7. Mercury exposure from amalgams leads to interference with brain catecholamine reactivity levels, has a pronounced effect on the human endocrine system, and accumulates in both the thyroid and pituitary glands, reducing production of important hormones. Carmignani, Finelli and Boscolo, 1983; Kosta et al, 1975; Trakhtenberg, 1974.
8. Mercury induces the thyroid gland to absorb an increasing amount of nuclear radiation from the environment. (Trakhtenberg, 1974.)
9. Mercury can impair the adrenal and testicular steroid hormone secretions, cause intolerance for stress and decreased sexual ability. In rats, it causes subnormal fertility and sperm production. (Burton and Meikle, 1980; Khera, 1973; Stoewsand et al, 1971; Lee and Dixon, 1975; Thaxton and Parkhurst, 1973.)
10. Mercury in the body can produce contact dermititis and reduced function of the adrenal glands (Addison's disease), producing progressive anemia, low blood pressure, diarrhea and digestive disturbances. (Alomar et al, 1983.)
11. Mercury has a distinct effect on the human immune system, especially the white blood cells. Mercury ions have been observed to cause chromosomal aberrations and alters the cellular genetic code. Mercury has the ability to induce chromosomal breakage, alter cellular mitosis, cause a drop in T-cell production and kill white blood cells. Vershaeve et al, 1976; Popescu et al, 1979; Skerfving et al, 1970,1974; Fiskesjo, 1970.
12. Mercury has an effect on the fetal nervous system, even at levels far below that considered to be toxic in adults. Background levels of mercury in mothers correlate with incidence of fetal birth defects and still births. Reuhl and Chang, 1979;Clarkson et al, 1981; Marsh et al, 1980; Tejning, 1968; Kuntz, W.D., Pitkin, R.M., Bostrum, A.W., and Hughes M.S., The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol 143 No.4:440-443,1982.
13. Mercury in the human body can contribute to intelligence disturbances, speech difficulties, limb deformity, and hyperkinesia (hyperactivity resulting from brain damage). Abnormally small heads and retardation were present in 60% of cases.
"1. Mercury escapes from fillings in the form of vapor created by chewing. It then enters the bloodstream and is delivered to all parts of the body, including the brain. (A recent autopsy of an 82-year old woman from St. Paul with confirmed Alzheimer's disease had studies done by the Mayo Heavy Metals Lab. Brain tissue examination showed 5.3 UGIG mercury (53 times normal levels). The pathologist reported "neurofibrillary tangle" in the brain sections that are common in such patients. She had multiple amalgams.)
2. People with mercury fillings have higher levels of mercury in their urine, blood and brain than people without fillings. Another significant European development about mercury amalgams was reported when Degussa AG, the largest producer of dental amalgams in Germany announced it would no longer provide such amalgams because of pending and future lawsuits. This was based on a Federal Court ruling that dentists who use such amalgams face legal liability.
4 Next came a series of studies by Dr. Catherine Kousmine of France, who reported that illnesses like MS and chronic polyarthritis, both autoimmune diseases, are triggered by silver amalgams. This is outlined in her book, La Sclerosa and Plaques Est Guerissable (Multiple Sclerosis is Curable). One more European study on MS comes from Great Britain. It reports that the highest incidence of MS is found in Northern Ireland and the Scottish Island of Orkeny and Shetland. They also have the highest incidence of dental cavities and dental fillings. This provides more suspicion that mercury is a possible link to autoimmune dysfunction."
Dr. Pinto explained that his parents had both been dentists. His father had attended a conference in the 1920s at which a speaker had condemned mercury. The elder Pinto remembered this a while later when he was asked to treat a child dying of leukemia. Her biggest complaint was that her gums hurt. He removed her amalgams quietly, and the terminally ill child responded within a few days. "Spontaneous remission!" announced the medical profession. Pinto responded by telling the physician he had removed the amalgams. There was a pecking order at that time, just as there is today, in the health professions. He was academically whiplashed and made to feel inferior and foolish. This was standard procedure. So Pinto quietly replaced an amalgam in the little girl, then told the doctor to watch for a recurrence of the leukemia the next day. There was a recurrence. He removed it, of course, and the child recovered again.
"Then there was the case of Hodgkin's disease," Dr. Pinto continued.
"Hodgkin's?" I retorted. "Wait a minute. You're talking about heavies. Medical diseases! Real diseases! Not allergic reactions."
Dr. Pinto quietly proceeded with diseases and dates. "This type of lymphoma was not noted until 1832, a short time after amalgam was introduced in the area where the disease was discovered. The first amalgam to be placed in an African-American was in 1904. Sickle-cell anemia was noted to move out of the rare in 1906."
"But pathologists weren't very smart then," I challenged. Later I found that some of the most brilliant pathologists the world has ever known were alive then. I also learned that sickle cells are not difficult to identify.
I argued that these could be spontaneous coincidences, that there were no double-blind studies, that.. .. I spluttered while he continued to deluge me with anecdotes. Then he began quoting scientific literature.
"Where did you come up with that information?" I finally asked.
"I was taking a master's degree at Georgetown University. Mercury toxicity was my topic. I compiled the largest bibliography on mercury toxicity that probably existed on the planet at that time," he answered.
"When was your thesis published?" I asked.
"It never was. The National Institute of Dental Research-part of the National Institutes of Health-found out about my project and forced the university to have me stopped. I had a choice of returning to Brazil or changing my topic. I had no choice, but I still have the materials."
ABSTRACT: "Mercury and mercury compounds are widely used in modern society, but only sparse data are available on their carcinogenicity. Methylmercury chloride causes kidney tumors in male mice. Mercury chloride has shown some carcinogenic activity in male rats, but the evidence for female rats and male mice is equivocal. Other mercury compounds and metallic mercury have not been tested adequately in experimental animals. Epidemiologic data are available for chloralkali workers, dentists and dental nurses, and nuclear weapons workers, three groups occupationally exposed to low levels of mercury and its compounds, but those highly exposed in the past, such as miners, or populations which have suffered massive environmental exposure have not been adequately studied. However, the sparse epidemiologic data point toward the possibility of a risk of lung, kidney, and central nervous system tumors. Better data are needed on the carcinogenicity of mercury and mercury compounds in humans and experimental animals."
"Then we get into the root canal business, and that is the most tragic of all. Isn't there something you can put in the centre of the canal that is safe? Yeah, there probably is, but that is not where the problem is. The problem with a root canal is that it is dead. Lets equate that. Lets say you have got a ruptured appendix, so you go to the phone book, and who do you look up? Lets see, we have a surgeon and a taxidermist, who do you call? You going to get it bronzed? That is all we do to a dead tooth. We put a gold crown on it, looks like it has been bronzed. It doesn't really matter what you embalm the dead tooth with, it is still dead, and within that dead tooth we have bacteria, and these bacteria are not in the absence of oxygen. In the absence of oxygen most things die except bacteria. They undergo something called a pleomorphic change......like a mutation .. they learn to live in the absence of oxygen, now produce thioethers, some of the strongest poisons on the planet that are not radioactive. These get out into the body and you may notice in the medical literature of 1900 they mentioned a few heart attacks, so it wasn't a big deal in 1900, but by 1910 2% of the US population, which is a lot of folks had had heart attacks. By 1920---10% of the population had had heart attacks, and we are up to about 25% about 10 years ago, and everywhere you go you see joggers running around. Menus in the restaurant have this little heart over it because we are on low cholesterol diets ...so what has it done. It has dropped the 25% down to around 43% . We are going in the wrong direction and root canals are going up. In 1990 we did 17 million of them. This last year we did 23 million, and the ADA hopes by the year 2000 we reach 30 million a year."
"Abstract The effect of methylmercury chloride (MeHg) on cultured human vascular endothelial (HVE) cells was investigated. Umbilical vein-derived HVE cells were collected by enzymatic digestion with collagenase. At concentrations of 0-50 mu M, MeHg had only barely detectable effects on cell viability. However, the viability of HVE cells decreased dose-dependently at concentrations >100 mu M. Morphologic examination by phase-contrast microscopy revealed a markedly damaging effect of MeHg at concentrations exceeding 500 mu M. The cytotoxic effect of MeHg on DNA synthesis was also concentration-dependent. These results suggest that HVE cells are susceptible to concentration-dependent MeHg cytotoxicity and that MeHg could induce vascular endothelial injury, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis. (C) 1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [R]"
"In 35 healthy individuals, the number of amalgam surfaces was related to the emission rate of mercury into the oral cavity and to the excretion rate of mercury by urine. Oral emissions ranged up to 125 microg Hg/24 h, and urinary excretions ranged from 0.4 to 19 ug Hg/24 h. In10 cases, urinary and fecal excretions of mercury and silver were also measured. Fecal excretions ranged from 1 to 190 microg Hg/24 h and from 4 to 97 microgAg/24h. Except for urinary silver excretion, a high interplay between the variables was exhibited. The worst case individual showed a fecal mercury excretion amounting to 100 times the mean intake of total Hg from a normal Swedish diet. With regard to a Swedish middle-age individual, the systemic uptake of mercury from amalgam was, on average, predicted to be 12 microg Hg/24 h."
INFORMATIONAL LINKS TO MERCURY POISONING FROM YOUR DENTAL AMALGAMS
AUTISM and The MERCURY Connection
ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE, DEMENTIA and The MERCURY Connection
The Dental Amalgam Issue - A Terrible Sin Against Humanity
IMMEDIATE WORLDWIDE BAN on the use of MERCURY Amalgams Dental Fillings
PDHA Presents: A SCIENTIFIC RESPONSE to the American Dental Association
Evidence Implicating Amalgam in Alzheimer's Disease
The Thuth about DMPS
MERCURY Dental Amalgam Filling Toxicity
Amalgam Fillings -Twelve Points on MERCURY Toxicity
Dental MERCURY Amalgam - 150 years of Russian roulette
Is Mercury Toxicity an Autoimmune Disorder?
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome? or Low Level Mercury Poisoning?
INFORMATIONAL LINKS ON HOW TO DETOX
Dr. Zeines - MERCURY Filling Removal Protocol
Dr. Huggins - FAQ's on MERCURY Poisoning
Dr. Mercola - MERCURY Detoxification Protocol
MERCURY Removal Advice
Dr. Dietrich K.Klinghardt, MD, PhD - Mercury Detoxification
INFORMATIONAL LINKS ON HOW TO STOP THIS MADNESS
The Anti-MERCURY Petition Page
Let your voice be heard! (Citizens For Health)
Talk International - A Media & Public Relations Firm
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ISIS Press Release 28/11/03
Mercury A Growing Scourge
Mercury pollution is a growing global menace. Prof. Joe Cummins calls for UN regulation
Sources for this report are available in the ISIS members site. Full details here
Mercury pollution is a growing problem worldwide, especially for communities in the orient and the arctic. Its impact has also been felt in the gold fields of South American jungles. The Centre for Science and Environment India (CSE) has put out a powerful indictment of the problem in their website (http://www.cseindia.org/dte-supplement/mercury-index.htm). The website includes evidence that industry consumes and emit mercury at an alarming rate under lax regulation, that India is a global mercury hot spot and there are significant health impacts. India imports over 250 tonnes of mercury each year and 220 tonnes leak into the environment. The main culprits are outdated chlor-alkali plants and thermal power plants.
CSE proposes that a reduction in mercury pollution can be achieved in three ways: switchover of mercury-using products and processes to non-mercury alternatives, control of mercury release through end-of-pipe techniques, and mercury waste management.
The medical journal Lancet recently summarized concerns over mercury pollution in India focusing on medical waste from thermometers and blood pressure monitors of which India produces over 10 million each year. The wastes filter into water and mercury is released to the air during incineration.
Mercury is released to waterways in the form of ionic mercury while atmospheric releases are about half elemental and half ionic mercury. In 1995, Asia contributed 50% of total global atmospheric emission of mercury, while Europe and North America combined contributes less than 25%. Atmospheric mercury is circulated by wind and deposited in the form of elemental and ionic mercury, which is converted to alkyl (primarily methyl) mercury that bio-accumulates and magnifies through the food chain. High levels of methyl mercury have been encountered in the diets of the residents of coastal India.
The impact of mercury pollution has been studied a great deal. The city of Minimata in southern Japan was subject to widespread methyl mercury poisoning related to chlor-alkali plant emissions from 1950 to 1969. The resulting epidemic of mercury poisoning was called Minimata disease, it was the first record of the impact of methyl mercury poisoning in humans. The impact on the central nervous system and reproduction was severe, and long-term follow-up of the affected population showed that the impact was persistent and included a declining male birth ratio associated with increased fetal male abortion.
Prenatal exposure of children to their mother's dietary intake of methyl mercury in pilot whale meat in the arctic Faroe Islands was associated with both nerve and blood defects at even low levels of mercury pollution, and similar results were reported for the island Maedera off the coast of Morocco, where mercury accumulated in the deep sea fish black scabbard.
Gold mining operations on the Philippine island Mindanoa caused extensive pollution of waterways and methyl mercury pollution of fish eaten by residents. Children suffered nerve damage and were underweight. Children and adults in the Quebec arctic, whose diets include marine mammals polluted with methyl mercury, showed blood mercury levels above those producing subtle neuro-developmental defects in other populations.
Clearly, the effects of mercury pollution are global in nature and permeate areas where there is no industrial activity. Mercury pollution even at very low levels produces subtle defects.
The United Nations Environmental program has been slow to act on the global nature of mercury pollution. The United Nations consideration of atmospherics aspects of mercury pollution seems to have ignored the need to identify the sources of atmospheric mercury but instead allowed the problem to be ascribed to the innocent victims of the deposition.
The United Nations will have to deal urgently with the trans boundary mercury pollution and implement programs for remediation in the polluted countries.
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